۱۳۹۱/۱۲/۱۱، جلد ۲۳، شماره ۲، صفحات -

عنوان فارسی
چکیده فارسی مقاله
کلیدواژه‌های فارسی مقاله

عنوان انگلیسی Is There any Association Between Passive Smoking and Esophagitis in Pediatrics?
چکیده انگلیسی مقاله Objective: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is one of the major factors of predisposing children to develop several hazardous health problems. We decided to investigate the association between nicotinine, one of the nicotine metabolites and esophagitis in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Methods: In a case control study 46 children suffering from esophagitis referred to endoscopy ward were recruited. The control group consisted of 45 healthy children. Urine samples were collected and urinary cotinine level (UCL) measured. Findings : The mean age of esophagitis and control groups were 5.11±2.93 and 6.72±2.8 respectively. Sixty children were passive smokers; 31 of them had non-smoker parents. In control group, 32 (71.1%) children and in esophagitis group 29 (63%) children had non-smoker parents. The mean value of UCL in patients suffering from esophagitis was significantly higher than those in normal group ( P =0.04, 24.98±6.4  ng/ml vs. 15.16 ± 3.9 ng/ml). Considering 50ng/ml as a cutoff point for UCL, it was significantly higher in passive smoker group than in non smoker group ( P =0.02). The mean cotinine level differed significantly in esophagitis and control group. Conclusion: Our results indicate the increased risk of developing esophagitis in children with ETS exposure. Key Words: Cotinine; Children; Esophagitis; Passive Smoking
کلیدواژه‌های انگلیسی مقاله

نویسندگان مقاله 11077---11078---11079---11080---11081---11082---11083---11084---

نشانی اینترنتی http://ijp.tums.ac.ir/index.php/ijp/article/viewArticle/1709
فایل مقاله فایلی برای مقاله ذخیره نشده است
کد مقاله (doi)
زبان مقاله منتشر شده en
موضوعات مقاله منتشر شده
نوع مقاله منتشر شده Original Article
برگشت به: صفحه اول پایگاه   |   نسخه مرتبط   |   نشریه مرتبط   |   فهرست نشریات