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Davari A, Farahat F, Abbasi S. Evaluation of the effect of nanohydroxyapatite-containing toothpaste and mouthwash on remineralization of early enamel caries and occluding of dentinal tubules. jdm 2022; 35 :1-10
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6132-en.html
1- Professor, Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; Member of Social Determinant of Oral Health Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
3- Post-Graduate Student, Department of Operative Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Abstract:   (699 Views)
Background and Aims: Different factors play a role in causing tooth decay. Modern dentistry is looking for a way to prevent tooth decay and suggests different ways to increase remineralization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nanohydroxyapatite toothpaste and mouthwash on remineralization of primary enamel lesions and obstruction of tubules.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 90 human extracted central teeth were used. Artificial decay was induced by placing the specimens for 72 hrs in a demineralization solution in an incubator at 37 °C. Hardness of the specimens was determined by a microhardness test before any surface treatment. The specimens were then divided randomly into 6 groups of 15. For 1-6 groups, the specimens were subjected to a pH cycling for 14 days, which included 3 hrs of demineralization and 21 hrs of remineralization. At the same time, 1-3 groups were in contact with diluted toothpaste in a ratio of 1:3 with deionized water at a rate of 5 ml twice a day for two min. Eac specimen of 4-6 groups was exposed to 5 ml of three types of mouthwashes for one min. Then, the specimens were cut in the buccolingual direction in order to simultaneously evaluate the dentinal tubules and Vickers microhardness test was performed again and the before and after microhardness values were compared. Then, the percentage of deposition on the surface and tubule obstruction were analyzed using SEM (Scanning electron microscope) (P=0.006). Data were analyzed using SPSS24 software bu the descriptive statistics, ANOVA analysis of variance, and multiple Tukey comparisons.
Results: The results of analysis of variance test showed that there was a statistically significant difference in the microhardness changes between study groups (P=0.006). Also, in-group analysis of microhardness changes, there was a significant difference (P<0.0001). Besides, only in the group containing 0.5% nanohydroxyapatite toothpaste, more than 50% tubule deposition and obstraction was observed (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the present study, nanohydroxyapatite can be one of the treatment strategies to repair incipient lesions of teeth and the addition of nanohydroxyapatite, preferably to toothpaste, increases the dental microhardness.
Article number: 15
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: operative dentistry
Received: 2021/12/14 | Accepted: 2022/05/31 | Published: 2022/05/31

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