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Showing 11 results for Akbari

M. Eslami , S. Ali Akbari ,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (9 1989)

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA Pleomorphic adenoma is the most prevalent tumor of salivary glands. In present survey, the cases are selected for analysis from 4 valid centers of the country. Of 573 salivary gland tumors, 342 (60%) were Pleomorphic adenoma of which 189 cases located in major salivary glands mostly in parotid gland and 145 cases in minor glands. This tumor is mostly seen in 30-50 year women.  The obtained data from patients and other reports indicated that Pleomorhic adenoma cases can be seen in other exocrine glands except pancreas.

N. Takzaree , K.  yarmohammadi , Ar. Takzaree , H.  semiyari. , M. Akbari ,
Volume 14, Issue 4 (10 2002)

Pain reduction and surgical wound healing enhancement have several advantages. Wound healing is a complex and organized phenomenon. During this phenomenon, definite and harmonized processes such as: reconstruction, immigration parenchyma and connective tissue cells proliferation and re-construction of gingival connective tissue take place. Studies show that lower power laser (He-Ne) can induce different biological changes in ceils through biochemical mechanisms. Considering the therapeutic effects of (He-Ne) low power laser radiation on healing processes, cell proliferation, connective tissue fibers and finally the acceleration of gingival wound healing were studied. This study was done on 50 mature and healthy rats with the average weight of 250 to 300 grams, and 3 to 4 months old. After anesthesia, maxillary wounds, with the same size, were made in all samples and they were randomly divided into control and test groups. After surgery, rats of test group received laser radiation with the value of 5 mJ/cm3 every day for a period of 5 days. And on the 5lh day, they were killed. Gingival biopsy was performed and histological study was done. The number of fibroblasts, collagens, endothelial ceils and blood vessels were counted. In test group, the granulation tissue was more active and the edema and inflammation were lesser than those of the control group. Data were analyzed by t-test method and PO.05 was significant. So, it is concluded that periodical radiation of (He-Ne) low power laser has an important role on surgical gingival wounds.
M. Ghavam-Nasiri , F. Malek-Nejad , A. Rohani , M. Akbari ,
Volume 16, Issue 2 (8 2003)

Statement of Problem: A lot of efforts have been made to create a complete adaptation between tooth and amalgam restorations.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate microleakage and interfacial micromorphology of amalgam restorations lined with dentin adhesives, namely One Coat Bond, Syntac, Excite and Copalite,as liners.
Materials and Methods: 144 intact human canine teeth were selected. Then class V cavities, with enamel and dentinal margins, were prepared on each of them. Cavities were lined with different dentin bonding systems (Syntac, One Coat Bond and Excite) according to the manufacturer's instructions and restored with Oralloy and Cinalloy, non gamma 2 spherical amalgams and Aristaloy a non gamma 2 Admixed alloy. Copalite was used in the group, served as controls. After thirty days storage in synthetic saliva at 37°c, the specimens were thermocycled in saliva (4000 cycles). The degree of microleakage was assessed by means of basic fushin dye penetration and recorded. The gap width was evaluated with Scanning Electron Microscope. Pearson and %2 tests were used to analyze the results.
Results: None of the systems, tested in this study, eliminated microleakage completely, Pearson's correlation coefficient showed a positive correlation between gap and microleakage (P<0/05).Statistical significant differences were revealed among the liners regarding gap and microleakage (P<0.05).One Coat Bond and Syntac appeared to leak less than other groups. The gap width by One Coat Bond and Syntac were respectively 0.35 and 0.3 urn in dentine, 0.2 and 0.1 in enamel. Excite and copalite gap width in dentine and enamel were 1,3-1.36 urn and 0.3-0.6, respectively. The type of amalgam did not have any effect in the degree of microleakage and gap width (P>0/05).
Conclusion: One Coat Bond and Syntac, comparing to Excite and Copalite, showed less microleakage and gap width.
F. Haghighati , S. Akbari ,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (3 2006)

Background and Aim: Increasing patient demands for esthetic, put the root coverage procedures in particular attention. Periodontal regeneration with GTR based root coverage methods is the most common treatment used. The purpose of this study was to compare guided tissue regeneration (GTR) with collagen membrane and a bone graft, with sub-epithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG), in treatment of gingival recession.

Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial study, eleven healthy patients with no systemic diseases who had miller’s class I or II recession defects (gingival recession  2mm) were treated with SCTG or GTR using a collagen membrane and a bone graft. Clinical measurements were obtained at baseline and 6 months after surgery. These clinical measurements included recession depth (RD), recession width (RW), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL). Data were analyzed using independent t test with p<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: Both treatment methods resulted in a statistically significant reduction of recession depth (SCTG=2.3mm, GTR=2.1mm P<0.0001). CAL gain after 6 months was also improved in both groups (SCG= 2.5mm, GTR=2.1mm), compared to baseline (P<0.0001). No statistical differences were observed in RD, RW, CAL between test and control groups. Root coverage was similar in both methods (SCTG= 74.2%, GTR= 62.6%, P=0.87).

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the two techniques are clinically comparable. Therefore the use of collagen membrane and a bovine derived xenograft may alleviate the need for connective tissue graft.

Masoomeh Hasani Tabatabaie, Ayob Pahlavan, Esmaiel Yasini, Mansore Mirzaie, Sakineh Arami, Hamid Kermanshah, Hamidreza Sadeghipour Roudsari, Seyed Hossein Bassir, Taher Akbari Saeed, Hamed Hasani,
Volume 25, Issue 3 (1 2012)

Background and Aims: There is concern that leached components from dental composites may cause adverse changes in the reproductive health. This study aimed to assess the effects of leached components from a hybrid resin composite on the reproductive system of male mice.
Materials and Methods: In the present animal study, twenty adult Syrian male mice were divided into two groups of 10 mice each. In the test group, components which leached from samples made from Filtek Z250 resin composite into 75% ethanol were daily administered to the mice for 28 days. In the control group, the procedure was repeated in the same way as the test group but without placing composite samples in the solution. Then, the body weight, weights of paired testes, Gonado Somatic Index, sperm viability, sperm motility, epididymal sperm reserve and daily sperm production were recorded. Four male mice in each group were mated with untreated female mice for 10 days. After that, the number of pregnant females and number of infants were recorded. The data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA, Chi-square test and t-test.
Results: There was a significant reduction in the sperm viability and sperm motility of male mice in the test group compared to the control group (P=0.001). There was no any significant differences in other parameters between two groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that the leached components from resin composites cannot cause infertility but they could potentially cause some adverse effects on the reproductive system of male mice.

Majid Akbari, Mohhamad Javad Moghaddas, Sara Majidinia,
Volume 27, Issue 2 (6-2014)

  Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the fracture strength of restored teeth with three different types of E glass-fiber posts after thermo-mechanical loading.

  Materials and Methods: Sixty extracted upper central incisor human teeth, with similar size, were selected and divided into three groups (n=20). Endodontic treatment was done in all groups and crowns were sectioned from 2 mm above CEJ. Then one type of posts in each group (Anthogyr, Svensk, Hetco) cemented using Panavia cement and the crowns were restored with a composite. The specimens in each group were thermocycled for 6000 cycles (5-55°C) and subjected to 1200000 cycles of mechanical loadiong in an artificial mouth machine. Then the fracture strength was measured and data were analyzed using ANOVA and T-student test (α=0.05).

  Results: The mean fracture strengths in Hetco group before and after thermomechnical loading were 581.098 ± 192.742 N and 564.74±213.59 N, in Anthogyr group were 664.358 ± 135.878 N and 629.12±390.3 N and, in Svensk group were 780.258 ± 379.133 N and 779.84±282.59 N, respectively. There was no significant difference between groups and also there was no significant difference in each group before and after thermo-mechanical loading (P>0.05).

  Conclusion: Restored teeth with Hetco fiber glass post were similar in terms of the fracture strength with that of two other posts after thermo-mechnical loading.

Akbari Majid , Makarem Abbas , Fazel Akbar ,
Volume 27, Issue 4 (1-2015)

  Background and Aims: The importance of quality in medical education makes the need for better standards in educational systems in the center of interest as the basis for certification. Standards needed to be evaluated by program administrators before the implementation phase. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the general dentistry standards program in Islamic republic of Iran from dental schools view point.

  Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was performed during the year 2011 and 2012. A list of 16 faculties was introduced by the dental secretariat of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education. A check list was conducted based on the basic standards of undergraduate dental program that consisted of the importance and feasibility of each standard. The checklist was evaluated by sixteen dental schools representatives and asked their faculty members and reported back to the dental secretariat of the Ministry of Health. Results were reported in descriptive statistics manner.

  Results: Data were collected from 14 dental schools. (Response rate=87%). All of the criteria were essential with more than 85% agreement of the faculties. There were more than 70% of criteria that were not feasible in less than one year.

  Conclusion: The dental standard program was widely accepted by the faculties over the country. However, it seemed that by the faculties it would fail if used as accreditation base line.

Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Nooshin Akbari Sharak, Mohamad Javad Kharazi Fard,
Volume 30, Issue 2 (8-2017)

Background and Aims: In recent years, dental implants have received special attention in dentistry. Due to the remarkable success of predictable dental implants, there is growing interests in the scientific community from descriptions of implant success toward identify factors associated with implant failure. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with implant failure in an objective and statistically valid manner.
Materials and Methods: To address the research purposes, we used a cohort study in which a total of 2368 implants were placed on 1011 patient in the Clinic of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The predictor variables included demographic variables, the health status and variables are related to implants. The outcome variable of interest was implant failure. The overall implant survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier analysis. First, risk factors were identified using Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test and then the Cox proportional hazard regression models were used for more analysis.
Results: The overall 39 month implant survival using the Kaplan-Meier function was 0.99±0.002. The implant location (jaws) (P=0.049) and type of teeth (P=0.011) were found to have significant relation with failure times in Cox proportional hazard model.
Conclusion: According to result of this study, both implant location and type of teeth had effection the failure times so that, the survival in mandible was higher than maxilla. The failure rate was higher in anterior teeth than that of others (molar, premolar, canine and primary).

Ebrahim Akbari, Ali Mashhadi, Zeinab Azimi, Raheleh Abbas Nazhad, Ahamd Amiri Pichakolaei,
Volume 30, Issue 4 (1-2018)

Background and Aims: While there are a lot of information about an illness risk factors, there are still some gaps in understanding factors influencing the progression of disease. Given the important role of psychological factors in physical conditions, the purpose of this study was to compare the cognitive emotion regulation, stress, depression, anxiety, and stress related to life events in people with and without periodontal disease.
Materials and Methods: The type of this study was causal comparative. Research society was all clients referred to dental clinics in Lamerd and Mehr cities, then 50 people with and 50 people without periodontal disease (male and female, 15-49 years old) were selected using purposive sampling. The group without periodontal disease was matched with patient group in terms of demographic characteristics. Both groups completed cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire (CERQ), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), and life events questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted with SPSS version 17 using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).
Resultes: Data analysis showed that people with periodontal disease had more stress, depression, anxiety, and stress related to life events than matched control group. The groups had significant differences in the components of self-blame, rumination, positive attention to evaluation and catastrophizing (P<0.05). People with periodontal disease had higher scores in self-blame, rumination and catastrophizing and lower scores in positive attention to evaluating compared with matched control group.
Conclusion: The results showed people who were vulnerable to stressfull situations, depression, and anxiety during their lives, and also use maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, were more susceptible to periodontal disease.

Roghieh Aliakbari, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Hadi Tehrani, Habibollah Esmaeili, Rajabali Hokmabadi,
Volume 31, Issue 1 (6-2018)

Background and Aims: The dentistry profession is one of the most injuring professions that causes most pains and hurts for dentists because of their lack of knowledge about the ergonomic position through the work. The purpose of this study was to assess the ergonomic position of dentists with RULA method in dentists of Bojnord.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all of the Bojnord’s county dentists were selected. RULA method and Nowerdik questionnaire were used for investigating the agronomical position, and muscular-skeleton position, respectively. The analysis was done by SPSS22 using regression and chi-square test. A P-value of less than 0.005 was assumed as significant.
Results: The most muscle-skeleton reports were 55.6% (35 persons) related to back, 54% (34 persons) related to shoulders, 50.8% (32 persons) related to waist, and 47.6% (30 persons) related to neck aches. In the last 12 months, 90.5% of dentists reported pains from at least one of organs of their bodies and 27% were supposed to leave their works which the sex (P=0.84), length (P=0.75), and weight (P=0.38) were not significantly related to this case.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study educational interventions is essential to prevent the musculoskeletal disorders in dentistry.

Afsaneh Pakdaman, Behrouz Akbari-Adergani,
Volume 31, Issue 3 (11-2018)

Background and Aims: The systemic and topical preventive effect of fluoride on tooth decay has been reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the fluoride level in imported and national fluoridated dentifrices in the Iranian market.
Materials and Methods: Sampling was randomly performed from the main market centers and pharmacies in Tehran. The total fluoride (TF) and total soluble fluoride (TSF) concentrations were determined by ion specific electrode potentiometer method. The samples were coded and one trained researcher performed the analysis. Descriptive statistics as percentage and analytical statistics reported as independent t-test were reported.
Results: In adults’ toothpastes, the total fluoride ranged from 191 to 1601.9 ppm with the mean of 911.2 (SD=331.4) ppm. The total soluble fluoride ranged from 322.8 to 1518.8 ppm with the mean of 1021 (SD=279.8) ppm. In children’s toothpaste total fluoride ranged from 236.3 to 1163.7 ppm and the total fluoride of 594 (SD=375). Total soluble fluoride in children’s toothpaste ranged 655.6-1102.6 with the mean of 879.1 (SD=316.07). Analysis of the total fluoride (TF) and total soluble fluoride (TSF) showed that there was no significant difference between the local and imported toothpastes (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The fluoride level of Iranian toothpaste was similar to that of the imported toothpastes, however there was variation in the level of fluoride in products.

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