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Showing 3 results for Fekrazad

H. Razmi, N. Shokouhinejad, R. Fekrazad , P. Motahhary, M Alidoust,
Volume 22, Issue 4 (21 2010)

Background and Aims: Considering advantages and disadvantages of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Calcium Enriched Mixture (CEM) cement has been developed recently. The purpose of this study was to compare the apical microleakage of the root-end cavities prepared by ultrasonic or Er,Cr:YSGG laser and filled with MTA or CEM cement.

Materials and Methods: Eighty single-rooted, extracted human teeth were instrumented and obturated. Root-end resection was made by removing 3 mm of the apex. The teeth were randomly divided into two experimental (n=30) and two positive and negative control (n=10) groups. After that, the retrograde cavities were prepared using ultrasonic or Er,Cr: YSGG Laser. According to the root-end filling materials (MTA or CEM cement), each group was then divided into two subgroups. Finally, specimens were cleared for assessing the amount of apical dye (Indian ink) penetration. The data were analyzed using Kruskall-Wallis and Dunn tests.

Results: Laser/CEM cement group showed significantly the lowest mean apical dye penetration. There were no statistically significant differences between Laser/MTA, ultrasonic/MTA and ultrasonic/CEM cement groups.

Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study, CEM cement demonstrated lower rate of apical leakage compared with MTA, when the root-end cavities prepared with Er,Cr:YSGG Laser. The sealing ability of MTA was not different following root-end preparation by ultrasonic or Er,Cr:YSGG Laser.

Neda Moslemi, Mohadeseh Heidari, Reza Fekrazad, Hanieh Nokhbatolfoghahaie, Siamak Yaghobee, Ahmadreza Shamshiri, Mozhgan Paknejad,
Volume 27, Issue 1 (4-2014)

  Background and Aims : Free gingival graft is one of the most predictable procedures for gingival augmentation, but patient’s discomfort and pain during healing period of palatal donor site is a significant concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 660nm low power laser on pain and healing in palatal donor sites.

  Materials and Methods: The present split mouth randomized controlled clinical trial was performed in 12 patients at the department of periodontics of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Patients’ allocation was done by balanced block randomization (laser group and placebo group). In laser test group (wave length: 660 nm, power: 200mW, time of irradiation: 32s) was applied immediately post-surgery and in day 1, 2, 4 and 7 after that. In the control group, laser application was done with off power mode. Evaluation of epithelialization and healing was done with H2O2 and photograph. The number of palliative pills and bleeding was recorded. Wilcoxon test was used to analyze healing during the study. Patient’s pain during study was analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA. Mc Nemar test was used to analyze bleeding. Level of statistical significance was set at 0.05.

  Results: Laser group showed better epithelialization (P=0.02) and healing (P=0.01) in day 14 after surgery and showed better epithelialization in day 21(P=0.05). No statistically differences were observed between laser group and control group in terms of bleeding and medication (P=0.51), (P=1).

  Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the low power laser can promote palatal wound healing during the second and third week after free gingival graft procedures.

Abbas Majdabadi, Mona Ahadi, Reza Fekrazad,
Volume 29, Issue 1 (7-2016)

Background and Aims: Nowadays lasers are used as alternatives to the tooth preparation because of reducing pain and bloodshed. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of ArF laser on the dental hard tissues.

Materials and Methods: For this research human molar teeth with no caries or dental restoration and enamel cracks were used. Irradiation laser energies were taken 95, 70 and 50 mJ for enamel and 80, 70 and 50 mJ for dentine. Then, for each of energy values pulse numbers (repetition rate) were adjusted at 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000 and 1500. Ablation was carried out without water spray on both enamel and dentine. Finally, the dimensions of ablated areas were measured by using a camera connected to the computer and results were applied in graphs.

Results: For each energy value, the ablation dimension increased by increasing pulse numbers. Ablation depth in dentine was more than that of for enamel. Trends of graphs for dentine and enamel were the same. SEM images of ablations by 95 mJ energy on enamel and 80 mJ energy on dentine showed sharp edges.

Conclusion: Ablation depths increased by increasing pulse numbers, for each energy level. However, this increase was not that as expected, because the lack of water spray while irradiating.

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