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Showing 8 results for Hasani Tabatabaei

M. Hasani Tabatabaei , M. Mirzaei , M. Ataei , F. Motevaselian ,
Volume 18, Issue 4 (5 2006)

Background and Aim: The majority of commercial curing units in dentistry are of halogen lamp type. The new polymerizing units such as blue LED are introduced in recent years. One of the important side effects of light curing is the temperature rise in composite resin polymerization which can affect the vitality of tooth pulp. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the temperature rise in two different composite resins during polymerization with halogen lamps and blue LED.

Materials and Methods: This experimental study investigated the temperature rise in two different composites (Hybrid, Tetric Ceram/Nanofilled, Filteke Supreme) of A2 shade polymerized with two halogen lamps (Coltolux 50, 350 mW/cm2 and Optilux 501 in standard, 820 mW/cm2 and Ramp, 100-1030 mW/cm2 operating modes) and one blue LED with the intensity of 620 mW/cm2. Five samples for each group were prepared and temperature rise was monitored using a k-type thermocouple. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests with P<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: Light curing units and composite resins had statistically significant influence on the temperature rise (p<0.05). Significantly, lower temperature rise occurred in case of illumination with Coltolux 50.There was no significant difference between Optilux 501 in standard curing mode and LED. Tetric Ceram showed higher temperature rise.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study the high power halogen lamp and LED could produce significant heat which may be harmful to the dental pulp.

M. Hasani Tabatabaei , F. Golbabaei , B. Shariati ,
Volume 20, Issue 1 (4 2007)

Background and Aim: Dental Amalgam is a common restorative material for posterior teeth. Because of Hg content in the composition of amalgam, during the handling of material, mercury may release as vapor in the environment. Excess amount of mercury vapor can cause serious health problems in dental personnel. The aim of this investigation was to determine mercury vapor concentration in working environment of dentists in Tehran.

Materials and Methods: 211 dental clinics were participated in this cross-sectional study. The clinics were randomly selected from different regions of Tehran (north, center, south, east and west). The dentists were asked to complete a questionnaire including items on demographic characteristics such as age, sex and work history, method of handling of amalgam, environmental characteristics and general health conditions. Environmental measurements of mercury vapor in dentists’ offices were done by mercury absorption tubes (Hydrar) and personal pumps (SKC, 222-3, England) as suggested in NIOSH method. Analysis of air samples was done by atomic absorption spectrophotometery (cold vapor). The data were analyzed by non-parametric tests (Kruskall Wallis, Mann-Whitney and Kendall).P<0.05 as the level of significance.

Results: The mean mercury vapor concentration in dentists’ offices was 8.39(±9.68) µg/m³.There was no significant relationship between the urine mercury of dentists (3.107±3.95) and the air Hg vapor concentration of their offices. Using precapsulated amalgam showed significantly less Hg vapor than bulk amalgam (P=0.034). Also the surface area of working room and air Hg vapor (P=0.009) had a significant relationship (P=0.009 r=0.81). There was not any significant correlation between mercury vapor and other factors such as working hours per day and working days per week, squeezing of triturated amalgam or not, storage medium of set amalgam (water or fixer solution), mercury storage method and type of ventilation.

Conclusion: The concentration of mercury vapor in dental offices' environment was lower than threshold limit value. Based on this study the type of amalgam (precapsulated or not) and area of the working room had significant effect on the mercury vapor concentration of environment.

M. Hasani Tabatabaei , M. Mirzaei , M. Ataei , F. Motevaselian ,
Volume 20, Issue 2 (9 2007)

Background and Aim: Halogen lamp is the commonly used light source for composite photo polymerization. Recently, high power halogen lamps, LED and plasma arc are introduced for improving the polymerization. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of conventional and high power halogen lamps and LED light curing unit on degree of conversion of two different composite resins.

Materials and Methods: In this in vitro experimental study two halogen units (Coltolux 50 with the intensity of  330 mW/cm2 and Optilux 501 with two different operating modes of standard with the intensity of 820 mW/cm2 and Ramp with the intentsiy of 100-1030mW/cm2) and one LED light curing unit (620 mW/cm2) were used. The composites were hybrid (Tetric ceram) and nanofilled (Filteke supreme). Each materials/curing method contained three samples and degree of conversion (DC) was measured with FTIR. Data were analyzed statistically with one way and two way ANOVA, Tukey HSD. P<0.05 was considered as the limit of significance.

Results: Tetric ceram revealed higher DCthan Supreme. Tetric ceram showed a significant decrease in DC when Coltolux 50 was used in comparison to LED and Optilux 501. The latters did not show significant effect on DC of this material. DC of Supreme polymerized with various curing modes was not significantly different.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, degree of conversion in hybrid composites was higher than nanofilled. In comparison with conventional halogen lamp (Coltolux 50), high intensity halogen lamps and LED unit significantly lead to higher degree of conversion in hybrid composites.

M. Ghavam, S. Arami, M. Reshad, M. Imani, M. Ataei, M. Mirzaei, E. Yasini, M. Hasani Tabatabaei, A. Pahlavan, H. Kermanshah ,
Volume 22, Issue 4 (21 2010)

Background and Aims: In spite of the advances achieved in the field of dentin adhesives, the longevity of bond to dentin is still a challenge. According to recent studies, Matrix Metaloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors can increase clinical longevity of bonding and decrease leakage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount and pattern of doxycycline release from an experimental dentin adhesive containing this MMP inhibitor.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, specimens containing 0.25 and 0.5 loading percent of doxycycline in an experimental monomer were prepared in cylindrical moulds of 12 mm diameter and 2 mm thickness. The adhesive monomer was composed of 12 wt% Bis-GMA, 10 wt% TMPTMA, 28 wt% HEMA and 50 wt% ethanol. Camphorquinone and amine were used as initiators.

Results: Addition of 0.25 and 0.5 w% doxycycline showed linear release in both groups. Increasing the loading percent of doxycycline caused more release. The release continued during the test period.

Conclusion: Doxycycline release was observed from the experimental adhesive. Further studies in this field will help in preparing adhesive systems with more clinical longevity.

Masumeh Hasani Tabatabaei, Sakine Arami, Ayob Pahlavan, Esmaeil Yasini, Mansoure Mirzae, Hamid Kermanshah, Farnaz Farahat,
Volume 26, Issue 1 (3-2013)

Background and Aims: To evaluate the effect of polishing on surface roughness of silorane-based composite using profilometery and Scanning Election Microscopy (SEM) and compare it with that of a methylmethacrylate-based composite and a glass ionomer.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 3 groups (n=28) were tested: specimens of two composites (Filtek P90 and Filtek P60) and a glass ionomer (Fuji IX) which were prepared in polyethylene molds (4 mm diameter×10 mm height). Half of the specimens in each group were finished with 180-grit silicon carbide paper and the remaining were finished with 180-grit, and subsequently polished with 250, 400, 800, 1000, 2000, and 2500-grit silicon carbide papers. The surface roughness was evaluated using a contact profilometer and then mean (Ra) and maximum (Rmax) of surface roughness were recorded. Then, the surface of 4 specimens of each subgroup was observed under SEM. Statistical analysis was performed with T-test, ANOVA and Dunnett T3 tests.

Results: In all materials, Ra was different between polishing with 180 and 2500-grit silicon carbide papers. In 180-grit group, only Ra of Filtek P60 and Fuji IX showed significant difference (P=0.01). In 2500-grit group, there was no significant difference between the Ra of Filtek P60 and Filtek P90 (P=0.56).

Conclusion: Polishing is recommended for the glass ionomer and posterior composite restorations.

Ayob Pahlavan, Masumeh Hasani Tabatabaei, Sakineh Arami, Mohammad Ataie, Sara Valizadeh,
Volume 26, Issue 1 (3-2013)

Background and Aims: Polymerization shrinkage in Methacrylate-based composite is one of the most important factors in composite restorations failure. Silorane-based composite is introduced to compensate this drawback and claimed to have low shrinkage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the polymerization shrinkage of these two composites.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 5 disk shape samples for each resin composites were placed in the centre of metallic ring bonded to microscopic glass slab. Top surface of ring was covered by a glass cover slip. Glass slab and sample were placed on a special LVDT holder in order to light cure from bottom surface and to measure the polymerization shrinkage. In this study, Deflecting Disk method and LVDT (linear variable differential transducer) was used for dimensional change measurement of resin composites. In this study, two LED curing units were used for composite polymerization.

Results: The mean of polymerization shrinkage in Z250 cured with LED and High Power LED was 11.15±0.08µm and 11.51±0.17µm, respectively (P=0.094), and in P90 cured with LED and High Power LED was 1.08±0.06µm and 1.16±0.12µm, respectively (P=0.019).

Conclusion: Silorane-based composite (P90) showed significantly less polymerization shrinkage than that of methacrylate-based composite (Z250). For the two types of composite, there was no significant difference between the two curing units in polymerization shrinkage.

Ladan Ranjbar Omrani, Masumeh Hasani Tabatabaei, Soma Faridi, Elham Ahmad,
Volume 30, Issue 3 (10-2017)

Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two fluoride containing mouth rinses on the color stability of two different resin composites.
Materials and Methods: 27 specimens (2×4×5 mm) were prepared from each of the following materials: a micro filled composite (Gradia, GC) and nanohybrid (Grandio). The specimens were polished by Soflex fine and superfine disks and then incubated in artificial saliva at 37°C for 24 h. The baseline color values (L, a, b) of each specimen were measured using an Easyshade spectrophotometer according to the CIELab color scale. The specimens were immersed in 20 mL of each mouth rinse and stored in an incubator at 37°C for 12 h. After incubation, the color values of all specimens were measured again, and the color change value (ΔE) was calculated. Data were analyzed by a 2-way analysis of variance at a significance level of 0.05.
Results: None of the mouth rinses created clinical significant color changes in the samples. There was no statistically significant difference among color susceptibility between resin composites (P=0.330). The interaction between the effect of mouth rinses and type of restorative materials was not statistically significant (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Accordance to the results of this study, the fluoride containing mouth rinses does not create color change in resin composites.

Zohreh Moradi, Masumeh Hasani Tabatabaei, Abolfazl Fateh, Mohammad Javad Torkamani, Ladan Ranjbar Omrani, Sara Valizadeh,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (1-2019)

Background and Aims: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is an important infection source in dentistry for different disinfectants to be used to prevent its transmission. Furthermore, a variety of chemical disinfectants are developed to remove bacterial infections from the dental care workers' hands and claims are made regarding their superiority in infection control, although all requires scientific investigations. The aim of present study was to compare the effects of chemical hand-disinfectants Micro Zed HD, Aseptoman and Decosept on MRSA (methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus) in different periods of time.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the antibacterial efficacy of three hand-disinfectants on standard strain of MRSA (USA300: ATCC® BAA-1717™) was evaluated according to European standard of evaluating antiseptics (EN 1040:2005 CSN EN). First we prepared a 0.5 Mc Farland (108 CFU/ml) suspension of MRSA, and exposed to three disinfectants for 15, 30, 60 and 90 seconds. Then, they were transferred to separate plates of Mueller-Hinton medium and incubated in 37C for 24 hours. The plates were compared then with control plate to evaluate the efficacy of materials on bacteria by calculating the CFU/ml of plates.
Results: Three hand-disinfectants evaluated in this study had the maximum anticabterial effect on MRSA in the minimum time of exposure (15 seconds), and we found no trace of growth in any plates.
Conclusion: The three hand-disinfectans (MicroZed HD, Aseptoman and Decosept) in the concentration suggested by their companies, showed no difference in efficacy to remove MRSA from hands.

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