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Showing 9 results for Heidari

M. Shahrabi , B. Seraj , A. Heidari ,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (3 2006)

Background and Aim: Radiography is the most commonly used technique in root canal length determination, but its application in pedodontics is difficult due to many problems such as radiation hazards, superimposition of permanent teeth buds and uncooperative children. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of an electronic apex locator (Dentaport ZX) in measuring the root canal length of primary teeth in vivo.

Materials and Methods: In this test evaluation study, pulp tissues of 52 primary teeth planned to extraction were removed and the canal length were measured by Dentaport ZX. After extraction, real lengths of canals were measured by using# 15 K-Type file with 0. 1 mm accuracy and both measurements were compared. Data were analyzed by Smirnov Kolmogorov, chi-square, ANOVA and intraclass correlation and p<0.05 was considered as the limit of significance.

Results: The difference between the canal lengths measured by eye and Dentaport ZX was–0.17±0.384 mm. Maximum deviation of the real length of canals was between-0.2 to+0.2 mm from apical foramen. Accuracy of Dentaport ZX in the range of-0.2 to+0.2 from apical foramen was 66.96% and in the range of-0.5 to+0.5 from apical foramen was 92.17%.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, the use of Dentaport ZX in endodontic treatment for primary teeth could be advisable.

Smh. Hosseini , J. Chalipa , Sm. Fatemi , F. Heidari ,
Volume 23, Issue 2 (23 2010)

Background and Aims: The main purpose of orthodontic treatment is normal positioning of teeth in three dimensional plans, including the mesiodistal inclination. In this study, mesiodistal axial inclination of posterior teeth in skeletal class II was evaluated and compared with that of posterior teeth in skeletal class I.

Materials and Methods: Seventy-eight panoramic radiographs for subjects between 12 to 24 years old with skeletal class I and 78 panoramic radiographs for subjects between 12 to 19 years old with skeletal class II were selected. All of the subjects were in permanent dentition with no tooth missing, no tooth extraction, no impacted tooth, and no crowding in posterior teeth. Two reference lines were established over each radiograph: the upper one passing through the most inferior point of right and left orbits lower one passing through the right and left mental foramina. After that, the long axis of teeth was traced (the image of root canal in single-rooted teeth, mean image of buccal and palatal canals in upper premolars, mean image of mesial and distal canals in lower molars, and the image of palatal canal in upper molars.). The mean values for two skelotodental classes were analyzed using T-test.

Results: The results showed that there was significant difference between (P<0.05) mesiodistal axial inclination of teeth 15, 16, 17, 25, 26, and 27 in upper jaw in skeletal class II compared with that of the same teeth in skeletal class I, which was more mesially in skeletal class II. Mesiodistal axial inclination of teeth 36, 46, and 47 in lower jaw was more mesially in class II compared with that of the same teeth in class I. For other teeth there were no significant differences between two skeletodental classes (P>0.05).

Conclusion: The mesiodistal axial inclination of upper molars and second premolars and lower molars in class II was more mesially compared with that of the same teeth in class I.

Alireza Heidari, Mehdi Shahrabi, Sara Ghadimi, Shahram Mosharafian, Hosein Ansari, Zohreh Rafiee,
Volume 25, Issue 2 (9 2012)

Background and Aims: Using the conservative adhesive resin restoration (CAR) in uncooperative children lead to numerous problems because of being time consuming. The purpose of this study was to compare the microleakage of conservative adhesive resin restoration under separate curing and co-curing.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 120 intact premolar teeth were collected and 120 vertical grooves were prepared on them. Then the teeth were divided into four groups: group 1, separated curing of bonding agent, flowable composite and sealant group 2, co-curing of all materials for 60 seconds group 3,
co-curing of all materials for 40 seconds and group 4, co-curing of all materials for 20 seconds. Then the specimens were thermocycled and immersed in basic fuchsin solution. The teeth were sectioned horizontally and dye penetration was evaluated with stereomicroscope. Date were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test.

Results: Mean value of dye penetration in groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 was 1.53±0.6, 2.06±0.6, 2.5±0.7 and 3.53±0.6, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between group 1 and the other groups (P=0.0001).

Conclusion: Considering the problems caused by microleakage in conservative resin adhesive restorations, co-curing method should not be used. In the case of using co-curing method, 60 second curing time is suggested for sufficient polymerization.

Sahar Ghodsi Bushehri, Farzaneh Khajeh, Somayeh Heidari, Shahla Momeni Danaei,
Volume 26, Issue 2 (5-2013)

Background and Aims: Skeletal class III malocclusions are considered as one of the most complex and difficult orthodontic problems to diagnose and treat. Facial appearance and occlusion problems make the patients to seek treatment as soon as possible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of early treatment with facemask compared to the patients who had no treatment.

Materials and Methods: For this retrospective study, 38 growing patients (mean age, 8.5 years old) with class III dentoskeletal malocclusion were divided into 2 groups. 23 patients were treated with facemask and 15 patients who did not receive any treatment were assigned as control group. Lateral cephalograms were taken before and after treatment and dentoskeletal changes were estimated. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed ranks test.

Results: The results revealed statistically significant forward displacement of maxillary bone and upper incisors (P<0.001), and downward-backward rotation of mandible in facemask group (P<0.001). Increased lower facial height was seen in both treatment and untreated groups. However, in untreated group some measurements revealed forward displacement of maxillary complex as well.

Conclusion: It seems that in class III patients treating with facemask is a better choice than ChinCap and decision making for early treatment in class III patients should be considered seriously. Moreover, specific attention to the type of patient’s skeletal discrepancy is necessary. In class III patients, facemask might be a better option than other appliances.

Mojgan Paknejad, Yadollah Soleimani Shayesteh, Zahra Nasr Esfahani, Nina Rezomeh, Mohadeseh Heidari, Ali Mehrfard,
Volume 27, Issue 1 (4-2014)

  Background and Aims: The increase in the number of complex implant cases has drawn the attention of researchers toward materials having bone regeneration promoting ability. Socket preservation and bone graft are recommended to minimize bone resorption. The aim of this study was to evaluate a kind of xenograft collagenic bone (osteo biol gen_oss) in socket regeneration.

  Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was performed in 12 cases (6 in test and 6 in control groups) with two hopeless teeth. After tooth extraction, in test group, graft material was put in sockets but in the control group the socket was healed naturally. Three months later, during implant placement the specimens from both sites were sent to a pathologist for histologic and histomorphometric evaluations. Data were analyzed using Mc Nemar and Wilcoxan sigh rank test (α=0.05).

  Results: There were no significant differences between two groups in foreign body reaction, inflammation, bone vitality and percentage of bone gain. Average percentage of residual graft in test site was 6.73±1.43.

  Conclusion: Osteobiol gen_oss xenograft is an appropriate biocompatible osteoconductive material that promotes bone regeneration at 3 months following socket preservation in human extraction sockets.

Neda Moslemi, Mohadeseh Heidari, Reza Fekrazad, Hanieh Nokhbatolfoghahaie, Siamak Yaghobee, Ahmadreza Shamshiri, Mozhgan Paknejad,
Volume 27, Issue 1 (4-2014)

  Background and Aims : Free gingival graft is one of the most predictable procedures for gingival augmentation, but patient’s discomfort and pain during healing period of palatal donor site is a significant concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 660nm low power laser on pain and healing in palatal donor sites.

  Materials and Methods: The present split mouth randomized controlled clinical trial was performed in 12 patients at the department of periodontics of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Patients’ allocation was done by balanced block randomization (laser group and placebo group). In laser test group (wave length: 660 nm, power: 200mW, time of irradiation: 32s) was applied immediately post-surgery and in day 1, 2, 4 and 7 after that. In the control group, laser application was done with off power mode. Evaluation of epithelialization and healing was done with H2O2 and photograph. The number of palliative pills and bleeding was recorded. Wilcoxon test was used to analyze healing during the study. Patient’s pain during study was analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA. Mc Nemar test was used to analyze bleeding. Level of statistical significance was set at 0.05.

  Results: Laser group showed better epithelialization (P=0.02) and healing (P=0.01) in day 14 after surgery and showed better epithelialization in day 21(P=0.05). No statistically differences were observed between laser group and control group in terms of bleeding and medication (P=0.51), (P=1).

  Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the low power laser can promote palatal wound healing during the second and third week after free gingival graft procedures.

Ahmad Jafari, Masoud Kiani, Mahin Nikkhah, Ronak Bakhtiari, Yahya Baradaran Nakhjavani, Ali Reza Heidari,
Volume 27, Issue 3 (9-2014)

  Background and Aims: Considering the complications of root canal system, debridement would not be effective only by mechanical instrumentation. Therefore, root canal irrigants with the antimicrobial effect that can eliminate more microorganisms during treatment, becomes important. The aim of this study was to compare the antimicrobial effects of 2% thyme essence, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaClO), and normal saline as root canal irrigants for primary molar teeth.

  Materials and Methods: This study was performed on 34 primary molars. Subjects were randomly divided into three groups (N=10). The root canals of the teeth were prepared up to the file #35 and all of the specimens were sterilized, and were then contaminated with entrococccus faecalis suspension (Enterococcus Faecalis ATTC 29212). After 48 hours of incubation, the specimens of each group were irrigated with corresponding irrigants. Then, the microbial specimens were collected with sterile paper points. After incubation, the numbers of Colony Forming Units (CFU) were counted using colony counter. Data were analyzed using Smirnov-Kolmogorov, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.

  Results: Sodium hypochlorite showed the highest antimicrobial effect and showed significant differences compared with normal saline (P<0.001). However, the differences were not significant with thyme essence 2% (P=0.3).

  Conclusion: Thyme essence could be considered as a natural irrigator with a comparable antiseptic effect to sodium hypochlorite.

Reza Sharifi, Mohammad Bayat, Sheida Kordi, Afshin Heidari, Mahbubeh Sadat Hasheminasab,
Volume 34, Issue 0 (5-2021)

Background and Aims: This study aimed to collect reports and HIS in a web-based system due to the problems of paper recording of student activities in practical courses, as well as the lack of computers in the departments for observing graphs and treatment plans.
Materials and Methods: The initial graphic design of the website was done after the assessment of needs and the necessary planning for designing the website. The main template of the website was designed after consulting with the faculty and the designer company. A combination of HTML, CSS, JQuery, and Java script was used for static coding and what the user sees or interacts with. Then, the basic information entered the website and the content designer put the website in the designed layout. In the end, a sample hosting space was prepared and the website was fully provided to the professors and faculty officials to work with as an administrator and a user. They conveyed all their opinions and the corrections were made based on the feedback given.
Results: The use of the internet and software with a central database played a significant role in monitoring and evaluating the long-term information of the student and the evaluation of the entire department, universities, and patients in each region up to macro-national evaluations. This could give the expansion and advancement of science in addition to the central registration of documents and radiographs, as well as their ease to access.
Conclusion: The designed website was well received among the students and the attending staff. Introducing a web based logbook and HIS system can optimize the clinical teaching. These logbooks could help both students and staff saving time and resources, and to facilitate providing better personalized care for patients.

Hosnie Yusefi Fakhr, Yadollah Soleimani Shayesteh, Afshin Khorsand, Mehrdad Panjnoush, Mohammad Javad Kharazi Fard, Mohadeseh Heidari,
Volume 35, Issue 0 (5-2022)

Background and Aims: According to the importance of primary stability on dental implant success and osseointegration, we intend to check and compare the stability and crestal bone loss rate between osteotomy technique and conventional implant insertion techniques.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 26 implants in anterior segment of maxilla in 13 patients were evaluated. The implants were TBR system (Toulouse, France) with 3.5 diameter and 10.5-12 mm length. The implant stability level was recorded immediately after surgery and 3 months later with Ostell mentor. The periapical radiography was taken immediately after surgery, 3 and 6 months to assess crestal bone resorption. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed Rank test used for data analysis.
Results: There were no statistically differences between the two treatments techniques in terms of stability (P>0.05). The mean crestal resorption was higher for the osteotomy technique 3 months after implant insertion (P<0.001) but there were no significant differences after 6 months (P=0.678).
Conclusion: Within the limitations of the current study, it can be concluded that the osteotomy it can be considered as a treatment technique in insufficient bone width.

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