Search published articles

Showing 6 results for Mahmoodi

F. Grami Panah , A. Fazel , M. Haj- Mahmoodi ,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (9 2000)

It has been shown that noble alloys require metal collar to resist distortion when subjected to repeat firing cycle of porcelain. Metal collar is undesirable due to esthetic concerns. Since base metal alloys have superior physical properties, it seems that metal collar would not be necessary for obtaining better marginal adaptation of base metal crowns. The Purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of metal collar on marginal distortion of base metal- ceramic crowns, Twenty base metal copings were constructed and divided into two groups with and without collars. After surface preparation, porcelain was applied onto the surface of specimens. Marginal gap was measured by scanning electron microscope during three stages of crown fabrication: before degassing, after degassing and after glazing. The mean measurements in collarless group were 21.4±13.4, 2I.4±14.9 and 21.9±11.9 u_m, respectively, and in-group with collar 24.7±11.4, 24.0±! 1.5 and 26.6±11.7 urn, respectively. Two- way ANOVA revealed no significant difference in the mean values between two groups and among different stages of crown fabrication. The results of this study showed that base metal alloys did not distort during crown fabrication and metal collar had no effect on the amount of marginal opening (gap).

A. Kousari , J. Mahmoodian , A. Rashidian ,
Volume 13, Issue 3 (9 2000)

The purpose of this study was to assess the fluoride release of three fluoride- containing materials exposed to fluoride solutions. This study compared the initial fluoride release and release following re-fluoridation (neutral or acidic 2% NaF) of three different filling materials, conventional glass ionomer cement (CG1C), resin- modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC), polyacid- modified composite resin (PAMCR). Twenty discs of each material, measuring 2mm height and 6mm diameter, were suspended in separate vials of 2" laboratory artificial saliva. The amount of fluoride release was measured over two periods of 28 days each. Fluoride release was determined at 1,3,7,14 and 28 days of each period. Fluoride was measured with a fluoride ion- specific electrode and an ion analyzer previously calibrated with standard solution .T- test and ANOVA were used to evaluate the data. Fluoride release for all products at days 1 and 3 was significantly greater than the rest of the time intervals. Then, the fluoride release decreased significantly. CGIC released significantly more fluoride than the other products. This was followed by RMGIC, which exhibited significantly more fluoride release than PAMCR. In second period of experiment, the specimens were assigned to two subgroups often each. The samples exposed to two different solution of NaF (neutral or acidic). All groups showed the capacity of re-fluoridation and fluoride uptake. The specimens exposed to acidic NaF solution showed statistically more significant rechargeability than the neutral NaF solution. It may be concluded that glass ionomer cements act as a rechargeable slow fluoride release systems and as an effective caries preventive material in caries preventing programs for caries susceptible children.

J. Mahmoodian , A. Kowsari , B. Esmaeili ,
Volume 14, Issue 4 (10 2002)

The goal of this investigation is to compare the extent of fluoride uptake by sound enamel following application of two commercial mouthrinses containing sodium fluoride (0.2%) and a topical gel containing APF (1.23%) produced in Iran with those of foreign standardized ones. Sixty extracted premolars were used. Each tooth was divided into two lingual and buccal halves, one half as control, the other one as experimental. Enamel biopsy technique (two- step acid etching) was used to determine the concentration of fluoride and calcium in each sample. For data comparison and fluoride uptake estimation, the depths of layers with the use of linear regression analysis were standardized to 25 and 50um. The analysis showed that in Iranian mouthrinse no. 1, there is linear correlation between fluoride concentration and enamel depth, in both control and experimental group at the first and second layers, while, in other groups, this correlation was observed just at the first layer (superficial enamel layer). The greatest fluoride uptake was seen at Iranian mouthrinse no.2 and the least was seen at foreign mouthrinse no. 3. From among two APF gels, the greatest uptake was observed at gel no. 1 (Iranian). The results showed that all three Iranian products increase fluoride content of enamel, moreover the level of fluoride uptake, while applying Iranian products, in comparison with foreign ones, shows considerable increase.
H. Afshar, J. Mahmoodian, P. Motahhary, A. Khanlarpoor,
Volume 21, Issue 2 (12 2008)

Background and Aim: Pit and fissure sealant therapy, is one of the most effective methods, in prevention of occlusal caries. Saliva contamination before curing the resin can increase the risk of failure in this method. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of saliva contamination prior to curing on microleakage of pit and fissure sealants.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental in vitro study 21 sound human pre molars were selected and two standardized V-Shaped fissures were prepared on both buccal and lingual surfaces, then they were randomly divided into two equal groups. In the control group, the sealant was cured without any saliva contamination and in the case group, the sealed teeth were immersed in artificial saliva for ten seconds before curing. After thermocycling the samples were immersed in 2% fouchsin solution for 24 hours and then sectioned longitudinally in bucco - lingual direction. The specimens were then fixed and assessed under stereomicroscope to determine microleakage and dye penetration using paired student t. test. P<0.05 was considered as the level of significance.

Results: Analysis of data showed no significant differences in microleakage, between the two groups (p=0.178).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study saliva contamination of uncured sealant had no influence on microleakage.

Ali Dehghani Nazhvani, Mahboobeh Razmkhah, Amirreza Jassbi, Mohammadreza Khademalizadeh, Afsoon Mahmoodi,
Volume 32, Issue 4 (1-2020)

Background and Aims: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most prevalent oral cancers with increased risk in individuals younger than 40 years especially in developed countries. There are many evidences that people who have plenty of fruits and vegetables in their diets tend to have lower risk of cancer. In this study, we evaluated the anticancer effect of four medicinal plants of Otostegia Persica, Otostegia Michauxii, Otostegia Aucheri, and Hibiscus Sabdariffa on OSCC cell lines.
Materials and Methods: In this study, methanolic & dichloromethane extracts of the above medicinal plants were used in order to evaluate their effect on oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line in different concentrations and after 24 , 48 and 72 hrs by MTT assay test. Finally, the appropriate concentration for repeating the test were chosen.
Results: In this study, the mean amounts of IC50 for O. persica and O. Aucheri were less than the two other herbs and the least and most amount of IC50 were related to the dicloromethanolic extract of O. persica after 72 hrs and the water extract of H. sabdariffa after 24 hrs, respectively.
Conclusion: It was concluded that all of the plants evaluated especially O.Persica and O.Aucheri had anticancer properties and dichloromethalonic extracts of these plant were more effective than that of methanolic extract.

Shahin Shams, Alireza Sharifinejad, Ali Saleh, Pedram Mahmoodi, Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Mohammad Mehdizadeh,
Volume 36, Issue 0 (5-2023)

Background and Aims: Management of pain and inflammation after third molar surgery is an important challenge of this treatment. Various medications have been proposed for pain control after surgery. Comparing the effectiveness of various drugs used in this field can improve dentists' clinical decisions. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Ketorolac and Gelofen on pain relief in patients undergoing third molar surgery.
Materials and Methods: This randomized single-blinded clinical trial was performed on 140 patients who were divided into two groups of 70 after receiving the ethical code. The first group was prescribed 400 mg Gelofen capsule for 1 week, while the second group was prescribed 30 mg ketorolac ampule for 1 week. Then, using the visual analog scale (VAS), the patient’s pain was recorded 48 hours, 1 week, and 2 weeks after surgery. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS20 software by descriptive analysis of the results. Ki-square, T-test, and variance analysis were also used for analysis of variables.
Results: The pain level in the ketorolac group after 48 hours, 1 week, and 2 weeks following surgery was significantly less than Gelofen group (P<0.01). Ketorolac effect on pain was irrelevant to the gender, age, and type of tooth variables.
Conclusion: From the results, it was concluded that Ketorolac had greater effect on pain relief after third molar surgery than Gelofen.

Page 1 from 1     

© 2023 , Tehran University of Medical Sciences, CC BY-NC 4.0

Designed & Developed by: Yektaweb