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H. Pakshir , A. Zare Emani , B.  rahsepar ,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (7 2005)

Statement of Problem: Reduction of orthodontic therapy treatment time is considered an important goal in the management of malocclusion in adult patients. Corticotomy- facilitated orthodontic treatment may be considered an intermediate therapy between orthognatic surgry and conventional orthodontics for reducing treatment time.
Purpose: This study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the rate of tooth movement of upper canine following corticotomy with conventional method.

Materials and Methods: Ten young adult patients, 17-25 years old was selected through sequential sampling procedure in orthodontics department of Shiraz Dental School. The patients exhibited different orthodontic problems and needed extraction of premolars. Following extraction of premolars and initial phase of orthodontic treatment, corticotomy were performed unilaterally on buccual and palatal sides of extraction area as described by Takami. The other imoperated sides were used as control. After subsiding the resultant inflammation, the activated NiTi spring was used and measurement of the amount of tooth movement were assessed by using Rugae as reference point. The panoramic radiographs were super imposed for evaluation of canines tipping. For analyzing the results, Kolmogorou- simirnov and t.tcst were used.
Results: The rate of canine tooth movement was much greater in the corticotomy sides than the unoperated (control) side (P=0.015). This was especially significant at the end of first week of tooth movement (P=0.000). Comparing the two sides, the amount of canine tipping was much lesser in corticotomy group than the control group (P=0.046). There was no significant difference concerning the anchorage loss between the two groups (P=0.410).
Conclusion: Corticotomy procedure had a positive effect on the rate of tooth movement with less tipping of the canines comparing to conventional orthodontic treatment. To get more benefit from this procedure, it is recommended to select those patients who do not need canine alignment after premolars extraction, such as bimaxillary dento alveolar protrusions.

P. Salehi, Hr. Pakshir, A. Noorafshan, N. Naseri,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (11 2009)

Background and Aim: At the end of fixed orthodontic treatment, enamel damages are affected by amount of adhesive remnants. Thus, determining the factors involves in the amount of adhesive remnants e.g. the types of resins and the methods used for debonding is of necessity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the composite resin type and debonding pliers on enamel surface by a new method in measuring the adhesive remnant.

Materials and Methods: In this interventionally in-vitro study, 120 extracted human premolars were randomly divided into four groups of 30 each. The standard edgewise metal brackets were bonded on the teeth with two pastes self-cure composite "Concise" in the first and second groups, and with No-mix composite "Unite" in the third and fourth groups. the debonding was done by means of Lift off Debonding Instrument "LODI" (3M-Unitek), in first and third groups, and Bracket Removing Plier (Dentaurum), in the second and forth groups, respectively. After debonding, all teeth were evaluated with steriology software (stereolith version 1) for comparing the amount of adhesive remnants between the four groups. For data analysis, One-way ANOVA and independent t.test were used.

Results: The fourth group showed the lowest adhesive on the enamel surface and the most on the bracket surface with significant differences with other three groups (p<0.01).

Conclusion: The use of Dentaurum debonding plier with shear-peel force when used with the Unite adhesive (group 4), would decrease the adhesive remnants on the enamel surface.

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