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Mohammad Ebrahimi Saravi, Yushiaho Refoa, Yunes Nazari Dashlibrun, Reza Sharifi,
Volume 26, Issue 4 (1-2014)

  Background and Aims: Impacted third molar reduces the bone level in the distal aspect of second molar, and sometimes it can lead to root resorption of the adjacent tooth. The purpose of this study was to determine this resorption using panoramic and periapical radiographs.

  Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study 54 patient (28 men, 26 women) above 15 years old with the average of 22 years in Oral and Maxillofacial Department of Tehran University were studied. A periapical radiography from the third molar and a panoramic radiograph were taken from each patient (Because of their routine use and evaluation of accuracy of panoramic compared with periapical), and the magnitude of the root resorption for the second molar was determined by 2 observers and written in a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Fisher test.

  Results: The prevalence of the root resorption of the second molar adjacent to the impacted third molar in the panoramic and the periapical radiographies, with respect to the limitation of the sample size were 46.3% and 31.5%, respectively, with 95% confidence(P>0.05). Most of these resorptions were in the cervical third of the second molar roots and in cases in which the third molars were mesially oriented or horizontal. There was also no significant difference between panoramic and periapical radiographs.

  Conclusion: Due to the increased risk of the resorption of the second molar adjacent to the third molar, extraction of the impacted third molars, especiall y mesially oriented or horizontal ones are recommended.

Mohammad Javad Etesami, Seyyed Lotfollah Derakhshan, Kiomars Nazari Moghadam, Mohammad Ebrahimi Saravi,
Volume 29, Issue 1 (7-2016)

Background and Aims: Cleaning and shaping is one of the most important stages in endodontic treatment. Single-file systems save time and reduce the risk of transmission of pathogens. This in vitro study was aimed to compare the rate of canal transportation after the preparation of the stimulated resin root canal with two single-file systems, namely Waveone and Reciproc.

Materials and Methods: Thirty stimulated resin root canal blocks with size 8/0. 02 K file were randomly divided into two study groups. The preparation in Group A and Group B was performed using Reciproc and Waveone files, respectively. Pre and post- preparation photographs were taken and the images were superimposed to evaluate the inner and outer wall’s curvature tendency at three points (apical, middle and coronal) using AutoCad pragram. Data were analyzed using T-test.

Results: Based on the results, the degree of transportation in the inner and outer walls of the canal was less at the level of 3 millimeters (P<0.001) and there was no significant difference between the two groups regarding the deviation at the levels of 1 and 5 millimeters (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Waveone showed better performance in the middle third of canal and this system maybe recommended.

Pooya Jannati, Mohammad Ebrahimi Saravi, Tahmineh Bamdadian, Farhad Sobouti, Sahar Cheperli, Jamshid Yazdani Charati, Nasrin Khaki, Sahba Amini, Abbas Mesgarani,
Volume 32, Issue 4 (1-2020)

Background and Aims: One of the most important challenges for dentists is providing a crown with appropriate marginal fit and gap. The 135-degree tooth preparation found to have some advantages such as technical ease and appropriate finish line record. Despite the advantages of 135-degree tooth preparation, scant research has been done in this area. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare 135-degree and deep chamfer tooth preparation on the marginal fit and marginal gap of posterior metal-ceramic crowns.
Materials and Methods: Deep chamfer and 135-degree tooth preparation were performed on the two first mandibular molars with healthy coronal tissue and similar size. Impression was taken from each tooth and 30 crowns were made on each die. The sample plastered with fit checkers were pressed under the force of 40 N for 3 min in a universal testing machine. They were measured and recorded under a loop with 40x power in three points on each aspect. Data were analyzed by Wilcoxon and Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests using SPSS version 24.
Results: The mean marginal fit values in deep chamfer and 135-degree were 48.5417µm and 55.3333 µm, respectively with no statistically significant difference (P>0.05). While the mean marginal gap in deep chamfer (2.4833 µm) was significantly higher (P<0.05) than 135-degree (1.0083).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that the marginal gap by 135-degree’s tooth preparation was lower than that of deep chamfer in metal-ceramic crowns. However, no significant difference in the marginal fit between the deep chamfer and 135-degree tooth preparation was found.

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