Search published articles

Showing 12 results for Shamshiri

H. Dorriz, M. Memarian, A. Madani, L. Sedighpor, Ar. Shamshiri,
Volume 24, Issue 1 (23 2011)

Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of zirconia and base metal cores on the color of restorations. Furthermore, the effect of different backings on the color of cercon zirconia was evaluated.
Materials and Methods: The specimens were Cercon zirconia and metal ceramic discs with "high Au" and "base metal" alloys. Cercon zirconia discs were veneered with veneering shade of A2 and two thickness of porcelain (0.7 mm, 1.2 mm). There were 3 discs in each group. Metal ceramic discs were made of "nickel-chromium" alloy (Verobond) and "high Au" alloy (World 89) and two shades (A2, A3.5) and two thicknesses of veneering porcelain. 3 types of backing (high Au, nickel-chromium and A3 shade composite) were made for Cercon zirconia discs. Spectrophotometric evaluation of zirconia discs (on 3 backings) and metal ceramic discs was done. One-way ANOVA and Tukey tests were used for data analysis.
Results: There were no significant differences between the amounts of L*, a*, b* for Cercon zirconia on different backings (P>0.05). In comparison between different core groups, a* was significantly higher in metal ceramic groups compared with that of zirconia groups (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Cercon zirconia can completely mask the underlying backing.

Hossein Afshar, Ahmadreza Shamshiri, Vahid Pourtalebi Firozabadi, Zahra Bani Ameri,
Volume 25, Issue 4 (9 2013)

Background and Aims: Nursing Caries (NC) is a destructive form of caries because of incorrect nutritional habits in infants that affects deciduous teeth after eruption. Familiarity with the pattern of this type of caries and evaluation of its symmetrical or asymmetrical pattern is necessary for effective and scientific diagnosis and treatment. The aim was to assess the symmetrical or asymmetrical aspects of Nursing Caries in children between 3-5 years old.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 10 kindergartens were randomly selected by the Tehran Welfare Organization. 115 children with NC caries entered to study after examination. Written consents were obtained from the parents. The dmfs in upper primary incisors and upper and lower primary canines, as well as the first primary molars were assessed and the caries pattern in terms of symmetrical or asymmetrical aspects was evaluated. The data were analyzed by ANOVA, LSD, Chi-square and Fisher tests.

Results: In 53.9% of the children with NC, the anterior teeth were affected symmetrically, while 46.1% indicated an asymmetrical pattern. In general, 32.2% of the teeth were affected in a symmetrical pattern and 67.8% of them in an asymmetrical pattern. About the relationship between the breastfeeding from the right or left breast and the symmetrical pattern of the NC, 51% of the children were equally breastfed from both breasts. However, in the asymmetrical NC pattern with more impact in the right side of dentition, 50% of the children had been breastfed from the left side and in children with more caries  in the left side of dentition, 50% of them had been breastfed from the right side (P=0.01).

Conclusion: NC has symmetrical and asymmetrical patterns. Direction of mother for breastfeeding affects the symmetrical and asymmetrical pattern of NC.

Afsaneh Pakdaman, Ahmad Khormali, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri,
Volume 26, Issue 4 (1-2014)

  Background and Aims: One of the important aspects for evaluating an organization is assessing the level of satisfaction of the clients. This study was conducted to compare the level of satisfaction between traditional and new methods of delivering dental care in the clinic of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

  Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 308 patients received dental care at the dental clinics of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in spring 2010. Data were collected from Comprehensive Care Unit (CCU) in addition to 7 isolated clinics including restorative, periodontics, endodontics, radiology, and prosthodontics (fix and removable) using translated version of the Dental Satisfaction Questionnaire (DSQ), consisted of 19 questions in three main domains in addition to demographic questions. Descriptive statistics was used as percentage of answers. In order to compare the mean score between domains ANOVA test was used.

  Results: The standardized mean scores in each domain were: pain control 58±17, access 59±12, quality 68±11 and total Dental Satisfaction Index (DSI) score of 62±10. 92.5% of the respondents reported that students were very careful when examining their patients. 96.8% reported that they treat their patients with respect . The most common reasons for dissatisfaction apart from waiting time and getting appointments were not providing preventive care and pain control.

  Conclusion: The results of this study shows acceptable level of satisfaction with dental care in teaching clinics of this dental school, however efforts on implementing preventive care and pain control strategies are suggested.

Maryam Ghasempour, Zahra Molana, Homayon Alaghemand, Ali Beirami, Ali Bijani, Fariba Asghari, Ahmadreza Shamshiri, Ghasem Mighani,
Volume 27, Issue 1 (4-2014)

  Background and Aims: Since recurrent caries are one of the major causes of failure in resin restorations, the production of antibacterial resin composites was always under investigation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fissure sealants containing nanosilver particles against the Streptococcus mutans.

  Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the antibacterial properties of two sealants (with fluoride (Clinpro 3M) and without fluoride (Concise 3M) was investigated with 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05% w/w after adding nano-silver using direct contact test. Sealants formed on the walls of 500ml micro tube and after curing, they left in contact with bacterial suspension. In periods of 3, 24, 48h, a 10 µl volume of liquid medium was placed in blood agar culture and after 24 h incubation at 37ºC, the number of S.mutans colony was counted by colony counter. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and

  Results: Results reported sealants with fluoride comparing to non fluoride ones had significant effect on inhibition of S.mutans growth (P<0.001). The direct contact test demonstrated that by increasing the amount of nano particles, the bacterial growth was significantly diminished (P<0.001).

  Conclusion: While sealants with fluoride demonstrated antibacterial effect, sealants with incorporation of higher weight percentage of nanosilver particles, had stronger and more significant antibacterial effect in direct contact test.

Neda Moslemi, Mohadeseh Heidari, Reza Fekrazad, Hanieh Nokhbatolfoghahaie, Siamak Yaghobee, Ahmadreza Shamshiri, Mozhgan Paknejad,
Volume 27, Issue 1 (4-2014)

  Background and Aims : Free gingival graft is one of the most predictable procedures for gingival augmentation, but patient’s discomfort and pain during healing period of palatal donor site is a significant concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 660nm low power laser on pain and healing in palatal donor sites.

  Materials and Methods: The present split mouth randomized controlled clinical trial was performed in 12 patients at the department of periodontics of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Patients’ allocation was done by balanced block randomization (laser group and placebo group). In laser test group (wave length: 660 nm, power: 200mW, time of irradiation: 32s) was applied immediately post-surgery and in day 1, 2, 4 and 7 after that. In the control group, laser application was done with off power mode. Evaluation of epithelialization and healing was done with H2O2 and photograph. The number of palliative pills and bleeding was recorded. Wilcoxon test was used to analyze healing during the study. Patient’s pain during study was analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA. Mc Nemar test was used to analyze bleeding. Level of statistical significance was set at 0.05.

  Results: Laser group showed better epithelialization (P=0.02) and healing (P=0.01) in day 14 after surgery and showed better epithelialization in day 21(P=0.05). No statistically differences were observed between laser group and control group in terms of bleeding and medication (P=0.51), (P=1).

  Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the low power laser can promote palatal wound healing during the second and third week after free gingival graft procedures.

Hoorieh Bashizadeh Fakhar, Hanieh Kaviani, Mehrdad Panjnoosh, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri,
Volume 27, Issue 2 (6-2014)

  Background and Aims: It is crucial to verify the relationship between root apices and maxillary sinus floor in some surgical procedures like extraction and implant placement or in orthodontic movements like intrusion. Protrusion of roots into the sinus increases the risk of post extraction pneumatization which in turn decreases the available bone at the implant or denture sites. The aim of this study was to determine the panoramic radiology accuracy for defining the relationship between posterior root apices and the maxillary sinus floor by Cone Beam CT (CBCT).

  Materials and Methods: Paired panoramic radiographs and CBCT images of 117 subjects were examined. 452 posterior maxillary roots including second premolar, first and second molar were classified by the means of the relationship with maxillary sinus floor. CBCT was used as Gold standard method, and the agreement of panoramic findings with CBCT was examined statistically. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Multiple logistic regressions.

  Results: Agreement of the panoramic and CBCT results were seen in 57.7% of all cases. Roots which had no contacts with the sinus floor (class 0) showed a high agreement of 89.5% between two imaging techniques. Roots in contact with sinus floor (class 1) showed 58.8 % and cases with root protrusion into sinus cavity (class 3, 4) showed 50% of agreement (P<0.001). Also in 36% of cases with no protrusion into the sinus cavity (class 0, 1, 2), panoramic showed protrusion. The agreement for the premolar was higher than molars (P<0.001)

  Conclusion: The majority of roots which their images were projected on the sinus cavity had no vertical protrusion in CBCT cuts. Considering the results, in these cases CBCT can be recommended.

Mehrdad Panjnoosh, Farnoosh Taghavi, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri,
Volume 27, Issue 3 (9-2014)

  Background and Aims: There is a risk of nerve injury during the extraction of the impacted third molars, in cases with proximity of the inferior alveolar nerve and this tooth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different various factors on the degree of vulnerability using CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography) imaging technique.

  Materials and Methods: CBCT images of 191 patients referred for the exact assessment of the relationship between the mandibular canal and impacted mandibular third molars were selected. The position of these anatomical structures was evaluated at their contact point. The possible effect of gender, impaction form of the third molars, anatomical relationship between the third molars and the mandibular canal and the age differences were studied. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Student’s t-test.

  Results: There was a close relationship between the mandibular canal and impacted third molars in 81.7% of the patients. The contacts were shown to be significantly higher in females than males (P=0.01) and in the cases with the lingually position of the third molar and the mandibular canal (P<0.001). However, the age and impaction form of the teeth did not have a significant influence (P>0.05).

  Conclusion: The risk of nerve damage or exposure is increased in females and lingual position of the mandibular canal to the third molar in cases with higher proximity between these 2 structures in panoramic radiographs using CBCT images. Therefore, the surgeon must pay enough attention in these cases of third molar extraction.

Allahyar Geramy, Amir Hossein Mirhashemi, Sahar Rafiei Chokami, Ahmadreza Shamshiri,
Volume 28, Issue 3 (10-2015)

Background and Aims: Cl II malocclusion is one of the most common abnormalities in human societies and using a simple, affordable and accessible treatment that can be provided by general practitioners or specialists, to prevent future malocclusion complications is vital. Cl II malocclusion treatment using functional appliances such as twin block and anterior inclined bite plan have less cost, side effects and complications compared to fixed orthodontic or orthosurgery. Until now, the dentoskeletal changes resulting from the application of twin block and anterior inclined bite plan in patients with Class II malocclusion has not been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to assess the dentoskeletal changes following the use of twin-block functional appliance and inclined anterior bite plan in the patients with class II malocclusion div 1 during mixed dentition.

Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort trial, 60 patients with the definitive diagnosis of Class II div. 1 malocclusion having ANB>2 and FMA angel between 20 and 30 and without any previous treatment or syndrome who were treated with twin-block or inclined anterior bite plan appliance were selected and their lateral cephalometries were traced before and after treatment. Selected distance and angular landmarks were measured on the cephalograms with the good reliability (ICC=0.953) and the changes occurred in the landmarks were statistically analyzed using Student t test.

Results: Due to the increased mandibular growth, most of the landmarks experienced significant changes following the treatment with twin-block and inclined bite plan (P<0.05). The appliances corrected Class II malocclusion through improvement of mandibular length and position, maxillary and mandibular skeletal and dental relationships (decreased ANB angle and overjet) and stability of mandibular plan inclination. No significant differences were found between the devices regarding most landmarks changes (P>0.05), however, SNA (P=0.04), overjet (P=0.007) and wits appraisal (P=0.004) changed differently after using the appliances.

Conclusion: Despite with most similarities of both twin-block and anterior inclined bite plan to correct class II div. 1 malocclusion, Due to the advantages of anterior inclined bite plan such as less size, good patient cooperation and simple laboratory preparations the appliance can be used as substitute for complex functional appliances to correct class II div. 1 malocclusion before the growth spurt.

Narges Ameri , Hakimeh Siadat, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Marzieh Alikhasi,
Volume 29, Issue 2 (11-2016)

Background and Aims: Marginal accuracy is a crucial factor influencing the clinical long-term reliability of implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the marginal fit of three-unit zirconia bridge frameworks fabricated using two different computer-aided design (CAD)/
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) systems (AmannGirrbach and Zirkonzahn).

Materials and Methods: The master model of 3-unit FDP was made of two implant abutments (AmannGirrbach and Zirkonzahn) from canine to second premolar. Twelve frameworks were manufactured using each fabricating system from semi-sintered zirconia blanks, which had to be sintered for final density after milling. After manufacturing, the absolute marginal discrepancy in each abutment were determined by means of Video Measurement System (VMS). The data were analyzed, using independent and paired t test (P=0.05).

Results: For the premolar abutment, the absolute marginal discrepancy of frameworks fabricated by AmannGirrbach system was significantly greater than those of the other system (P=0.005). There was no significant difference between the marginal discrepancy of canine and premolar abutments (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it could be concluded that the marginal fit of zirconia FDPs was significantly dependent on the CAD/CAM system used, but the abutment size was not an effective factor.

Sakineh Arami, Sakineh Arami, Masoumeh Hasani Tabatabaei, Seyed Reza Najafzadeh, Ahmadreza Shamshiri, Zohreh Moradi,
Volume 30, Issue 4 (1-2018)

Background and Aims: According to many uses of MTA in different treatments, studying about its properties like the setting time, is of great importance. The aim of this study was to compare the initial and final setting time of an Iranian MTA and a foreign MTA.
Materials and Methods: Seven samples were in each group; for measurement of initial and final setting time of MTAs, a mold with dimension of 2×10 mm was prepared. The cements after mixation were put into an incubator with temperature of 37C and humidity of 90%. After mixing of cements, a Gilmore needle with a weight of 100 gr and active tip of 2 mm was used vertically on the surface of MTA for measurement of the initial setting time. Setting was measured by the start of cement mixation to the time the tip of the needle didn’t penetrate to the surface of MTA. For measurement of the final setting time a Gilmore needle with a weight of 456 gr and active tip of 1mm was used vertically on the surface of MTA. The ANOVA test followed by Tukey test was used for comparison of the mean setting time between an Iranian and foreign MTA. The statistical difference was considered significant at the level of 0.05.
Resultes: The mean initial setting time Angelus and Root MTAs were 13.57±0.91 and 11.14±0.92 min, the mean final setting of Angelus and Root MTA, were 48.93±1.54 and 37.86±1.5 min while the initial setting time of Angelus MTA lasted for 0.53±43.2 more min than Root MTA (P=0.001). The final setting time of Angelus MTA took longer for 110.7±0.82 min than Root MTA (P=0.001).
Conclusion: The initial and final setting time of the Iranian MTA was shorter than the foreign one and thus it could a more alternative option in this respect.

Marzieh Alikhasi, Narges Ameri, Hakimeh Siadat, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Mohammadreza Nejati,
Volume 32, Issue 1 (7-2019)

Background and Aims: Passive fitness of implant frameworks are important factors for long-term success of dental implant restorations. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the dimensional changes of implant supported zirconia frameworks fabricated by Zirkonzahn CAD/CAM system during fabrication stages.
Materials and Methods: The master model of 3-unit FDP was made of two implant abutments. The master model was scanned 12 times and data were saved as STL files (scanning groups). Using semi-sintered zirconia,
12 real-size frameworks (milling groups) and 12 enlarged frameworks which were then sintered (sintering group) were made in this system. Dimensions of master model and specimens of each stage were measured. The dimensional changes in respect to master model were calculated. Data were analyzed using Repeated measures ANOVA, independent t-test, and paired sample t-test at α=0.05 of significance.
Results: The milling stage showed greater dimensional changes comparing to the other stages (P<0.05). At all stages, the dimensional changes of premolar abutment height were greater than canine (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the results suggested that the fabrication stages and size of abutments had significant effects on the dimensional changes of zirconia frameworks.

Sara Valizadeh, Samaneh I Rezaei Dehnamak, Hamid Reza Khodayar, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Zohreh Moradi,
Volume 34, Issue 0 (5-2021)

Background and Aims: Due to the review of general dental courses, it was necessary to assess the students' satisfaction with this curriculum. The aim of this study was the assessment level of students’satisfaction with the new educational curriculum of the Ministry of Health at the department of restorative dentistry of Tehran university of medical sciences in 2019-2020.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional trial,72 sixth year dental students of Tehran University who passed the restorative dentistry courses based on the new curriculum were studied. A questionnaire was developed and for validity content assessment, it was presented to 5 professors and then revised. For reliability approval of the questionnaire, test-retest approach was used. The questionnaire was given to the 30 students of the main pilot group in one session and two-week later and agreement percentage and Kappa index were calculated.  After conducting the "test" process and re-testing, the "questions" were statistically analyzed using STATA software.
Results: The most level of satisfaction regarding to practicality of subjects was found for fundamental of restorative dentistry including principles of amalgam class I cavity preparations and restorations on the dentic (81.94% and 76.39% acceptable respectively) and the principles of amalgam classII cavity restorations on the dentic (72.22%). The least satisfaction levels were obsereved in the first and second theoretical restorative courses including tooth-colored restorations (47.22%), onlays and inlays (47.22%) and tooth-colored classII cavity preparations and restorations (48.61%). The amount (P-value or error of the first type) was reported in all questions>0.001.
Conclusion: Despite the limitation of this study, final-year dental students’ satisfaction of theoretical restorative dentistry courses was medium, while it was high for the fundamental and practical restorative courses of 2017 educational curriculum.

Page 1 from 1     

© 2023 , Tehran University of Medical Sciences, CC BY-NC 4.0

Designed & Developed by: Yektaweb