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Showing 6 results for Yousefi

H. Razmi , A . Yousefi ,
Volume 16, Issue 3 (10 2003)

Statement of Problem: The goal of a successful endodontic surgery is to establish an adequate seal in apical region. Therefore during surgery, root-end resection is essential for an appropriate situation and proper access.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the most appropriate root-end resection angle to establish adequate apical seal in periapical surgery
Materials and Methods: Forty-five intact extracted human maxillary central incisors were randomly divided into three 15-tooth groups. The root canals were instrumented and then obturated using lateral condensation technique. AM roots were resected at 3mm from apical portion. Angles of root resection for each group were 0, 30 and 45 degrees. Then all teeth surfaces, except the cut ones, were covered with nail polish and immersed in methylen blue for 7 days. After 7 days, nail polish was removed from the surfaces and samples were split in buccolingual direction. Then, dye penetration (mm) was measured using a stereozoom microscope (Loupe) [X4 magnification] and eye lens. In order to analyze the data, unilateral variance analysis was used.
Results: The values of dye penetration were: 7.23±3.34 (0°), 8.46±3.01(30°) and 9.74±4.11 (45°). There
was no significant difference between three groups (P>0.05).

Conclusion: It is suggested that the angle of root-end resection put a limited effect on apical seal if retrograde cavity depth is increased.

Ar. Davari , S. Yassaei, Ar. Danesh Kazemi , Mh. Yousefi ,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (6 2007)

Background and Aim: With the introduction of different bondable restorative materials in dentistry, various methods have been suggested to enhance the polymerization and shear bond strength of these materials. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different methods of enamel conditioning on bond strength of orthodontic brackets and on the bracket/ adhesive failure mode.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental in vitro study, brackets were bonded to thirty-six bovine incisor teeth with different protocols according to the manufacturer's instructions as follows: Group 1: conventional multistep adhesive (n=12) Group 2: self-etching primer system (n=12) Group 3: acid+self-etching primer system (n=12). Specimens were loaded in a universal testing machine (Instron, Canton and Mass) and the mode of failure was recorded. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Kruskall-Wallis tests with p<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: The mean shear bond strength was 11.7 ± 4.2, 10.5 ± 4.4, and 10.9 ± 4.8 MPa for group 1, 2, and 3 respectively. There was no significant difference in bond strength among the three groups (P=0.800). No significant difference was observed among the three groups with respect to residual adhesive on the enamel surfaces (P=0.554).

Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, the use of self-etching primers may be an alternative to conventional phosphoric acid pre-treatment in orthodontic bonding.

Mehdi Jafarzadeh Samani, Maryam Hajiahmadi, Samira Yousefi, Elham Sadat Binande,
Volume 26, Issue 2 (5-2013)

Background and Aims: Successful pediatric dentistry depends not only on the dentist's technical skills, but also on his ability to acquire and maintain a child's cooperation. The correction of dentist’ action in this area affects the view of parents and increases the quality of dental services. The objective of this study was to evaluate the attitudes of general dentists toward methods of controlling pediatrics’ behavior in Isfahan.

Materials and Methods: This study is descriptive, analytic, and cross-sectional. For this research, 100 general dentists of Isfahan city were selected with simple random sampling technique and were asked to complete the questionnaire which was included four different management techniques. The data were analyzed with t-test, P earson’s correlation , ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis.

Results: The methods accepted by dentists were Tell-Show-Do (4.0 ± 0.5), Voice control (3.5 ± 0.4), active restraint (3.0 ± 0.5) and Hand-Over-Mouth (2.9 ± 0.5) respectively. The mean score of female dentists’ attitudes was more toward the method of active restraint and less toward Hand-Over-Mouth technique. Also the average score of middle aged dentists’ attitudes toward Voice Control method was less than young dentists and toward Hand-Over-Mouth was higher. The general dentists with more number of pediatric patients had less consent on the method of Hand-Over-Mouth (P=0.004) and active restraint (P=0.034).

Conclusion: There were significant correlation between attitude of general dentists toward behavior management techniques with age, gender, clinical experience and the number of pediatric patients. General dentists have fewer tendencies to aggressive behavior management techniques.

Salari Behzad , Shahabi Sima , Bagheri Hossein , Yousefi Mahsa ,
Volume 26, Issue 4 (1-2014)

  Background and Aims : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of chlorhexidin 2%, sodium hypochlorite 2.5% and hydrogen peroxide 3% as three effective and regular disinfectants on the microleakage of 7th generation bonding agents in vitro.

  Materials and Methods: 45 extracted molar teeth without carries were collected and disinfected. On buccal and lingual aspects of these teeth conventional class V cavity preparation were done (90 cavities), then randomly divided to 4 groups, three of them had 10 teeth (20 cavities) and one of them had 5 teeth (10 cavities) as control group. Cavities in each experimental group prepared with one of the disinfectants and then 7th generation bonding (Optibond all in one, kerr) was used as noted by manufacturer, then cavities filled with composite and polished. Bonding agent was used without our previous disinfectants manipulation in control group. Specimens were thermocycled with 1000 thermal cycles between 5 and 55 0 C each for 30 seconds and then immersed in the methylene blue 5%, then sectioned mesiodistally and investigated for microleakage under stereomicroscope (Olympus, Japan). Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon mean rank tests.

  Results: Despite the lower mean rank values for the untreated group at both occlusal and gingival aspects, the Kruskal-Wallis procedure (α=0.05) showed that the treatment factor did not significantly affect the mean rank values neither in occlusal (P=0.12) nor in gingival (P=0.39) part of cavities.

  Conclusion: According to the results of this study, antimicrobial agents such as chlorhexidine 2%, sodium hypochloride 2.5% and hydrogen peroxide 3% can be used perior to 7th generation dentin bonding agent
(Optibond all in one, kerr) without much concern.

Jalil Modaresi, Hamid Reza Hemati, Mehri Esfandyar, Mohammad Hosein Yousefi,
Volume 32, Issue 4 (1-2020)

Background and Aims: Various methods to induce anesthesia have been investigated in situations where the primary inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) injections fail. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of synergic effects of anesthetic injection of prilocaine supplemental with that of lidocaine anesthesia in teeth with irreversible pulpitis.
Materials and Methods: This study was a parallel-controlled clinical trial on 58 patients with one mandibular molar tooth having irreversible pulpitis. The first anesthesia was injected with an inferior alveolar block with 2% lidocaine anesthesia. Patients who failed pulpal anesthesia were randomly divided into two groups; case and control groups. In the case group, IANB was injected with 3% prilocaine, and in the control group with 2% lidocaine anesthesia. Anesthesia after the second injection was evaluated by three methods of numerical evaluation of the patient's response to Electric Pulp Tester (EPT), the severity of the patient's response to the cold test, and the extent of pain during the onset of access cavity latency on the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Statistical analysis was performed using T-test and Mann-Whitney tests.
Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of depth of anesthesia (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that there was no difference between 2% lidocaine and 3% prilocaine in the depth of supplemental IANB anesthesia after failure of first IANB in mandibular molar teeth with irreversible pulpitis.

Rahim Yousefi, Azra Mohammadpanah Ardakan, Nafiseh Binesh, Atefeh Saberi, Pegah Tabatabayi,
Volume 33, Issue 2 (8-2020)

Background and Aims: Anxiety is a common problem in patients referred to dental clinics that is associated with underlying personality factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of personality traits in predicting dental anxiety.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 211 patients (110 men and 101 women) referred to the dental clinics in Tabriz in 2019, were selected by available sampling method. The method of this study is descriptive- correlative. The research instrument was a short-form NEO-personality inventory and a dental anxiety inventory. Data were analyzed by correlation and regression analysis using SPSS22.
Results: The research findings showed that the average age of women and men was 30 and 31 years, respectively. 49% of the clients were single and 51% were married, and the education of most of the clients was undergraduate. Also, Regression analysis showed that dental anxiety had a positive correlation with personality trait of neuroticism (r=-0.49, P<0.01), and it had a negative relationship with extroversion (r=-0.19, P<0.05), agreeableness (r=-0.21, P<0.01), consciences (r=-0.35, P<0.01); and two factors of neuroticism (t=4.71, P<0.01) and conscience (t=2.44, P<0.01), and predicted dental anxiety (P<0.05).
Conclusion: From the results, it can be concluded that anxiety with a sense of danger that was observed in many people in the face of dental interventions, occurred within individuals. By recognizing root factors, it can be partly strengthened by deterrent and suppressor personality factors for anxiety, and thus, taking advantages of the dental services and preventing from avoiding dental treatments.

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