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Showing 10 results for Abutment

S. Zarrati, T. Baheri Mghadam, F. Nematollahi,
Volume 24, Issue 1 (3-2011)

Background and Aims: Nowadays, removable partial dentures are applied to patients who are not able to use dental implants or fixed prosthesis. Although based on the studies the users of removable partial dentures are in the risk of plaque accumulation and unacceptable changes such as gingivitis, periodontitis and mobility in abutment tooth. It is not clear whether the negative effects of removable partial dentures are more on the isolated teeth which are a kind of abutment adjacent to endentulous area in both sides. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical condition of isolated abutment teeth without splinting in comparison to control abutment from the aspects of B.O.P (bleeding on probing), mobility, pocket depth and gingivitis.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the prepared questionnaires were filled out by 50 patients who received removable partial dentures in department of removable prosthodontics of dental school of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The patients had isolated abutment tooth and did not have any systemic disease. The obtained data were analyzed. Using Wilcoxon, exact Fisher and Kruskal-Wallis test.
Results: B.O.P (P=0.004), pocket depth (P=0.035), and mobility (P<0.001) in isolated abutments were more than those in control abutments, but there were not significant differences in the degree of caries (P=0.083) and gingivitis (P=0.07).
Conclusion: This study showed that clinical condition of isolated abutments is worse than that of control abutments. More attention should be paid to healthiness of isolated teeth without splinting and periodic follow ups should be done in these cases.

Marzieh Alikhasi, Mahnaz Arshad, Hakime Siadat, Susan Rahimian,
Volume 25, Issue 3 (7-2012)

Background and Aims: Passive fit of prosthetic frameworks is a major concern in implant dentistry. Impression technique is one of the several variables that may affect the outcome of dental implants. The purpose of this study was to compare the three dimensional accuracy of direct and indirect abutment level implant impressions of ALL-ON-4 treatment plan.
Materials and Methods: A reference acrylic resin model with four Branemark fixtures was made according to All-On-4 treatment plan. Multiunit abutments were screwed into the fixtures and two special trays were made for direct and indirect impression techniques. Ten direct and ten indirect impression techniques with respective impression transfers were made. Impressions were poured with stone and the positional accuracy of the abutment analogues in each dimension of x, y, and z axes and also angular displacement (Δθ) were evaluated using a Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM). Data were analyzed using T- test.
Results: The results showed that direct impression technique was significantly more accurate than indirect technique (P<0.001).
Conclusion: The results showed that the accuracy of direct impression technique was significantly more than that of indirect technique in Δθ and Δr coordinate and also Δx, Δy, Δz.

Abbas Monzavi, Reza Shabanpoor, Marzieh Alikhasi, Ghasem Omati Shabestari,
Volume 25, Issue 4 (1-2013)

Background and Aims: One of the decisive factors on the final esthetic results of implant treatment is the abutment material. Ceramic abutments are nowadays very popular in this regard. The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture resistance of three zirconia abutments with titanium abutment.

Materials and Methods: Four groups of abutments (five specimens in each) were prepared. The abutments were prefabricated titanium, prefabricated zirconia, zirconia-metal, and copy-milled zirconia abutment. After securing the abutments to the implant using a torque of 24 Ncm, they were mounted into a mounting jig using the 30º tilt. The force was applied on the assembly till the failure occured. Facture resistance and mode of failure were recorded for each specimen. The data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA.

Results: The mean values recorded for fracture resistance of different zirconia abutments varied between 426 to 688 N however, there was no significant differences among the groups (P=0.14). Body fracture was observed only in prefabricated zirconia abutments. Screw fracture and screw bending were the common failures observed in other groups.

Conclusion: Zirconia abutments of any type could be successfully used in regular plateform implants.

Mohammadreza Mallakzadeh, Milad Farzadi,
Volume 25, Issue 4 (1-2013)

Background and Aims: Different mechanisms have been developed for connecting abutment to implant. One of the most popular mechanisms is Tapered Integrated Screw (TIS), which is a Tapered Interference Fit (TIF) with a screw integrated at the bottom of that. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of TIS and effective factors in employing TIS during design and implementation processes using an analytic method.

Materials and Methods: Relevant equations were developed to predict tightening and loosening torques, contact pressure and preloads with and without bone tissue in this analysis. The efficiency is defined as the ratio of the loosening torque to the tightening torque. The effects of the change in elastic modulus and thickness of the bone on operation of this mechanism were investigated.

Results: In this study, 14 independent parameters such as taper angle, friction coefficient, abutment and implant geometry that are effective on performance of TIS mechanism were presented. The role of some factors was shown in the performance of ITI implant using sensitivity analysis.

Conclusion: It was shown that friction coefficient, contact length, and implant radius play major roles on tightening and loosening torques and efficiency of the mechanism. Furthermore, the results revealed that the change in the elastic modulus and thickness of the bone influenced the efficiency of the mechanism less than 15%.

Marzieh Alikhasi, Roshanak Baghaie, Nasim Khosronejad, Pooya Aslani,
Volume 26, Issue 1 (3-2013)

Background and Aims: In response to esthetic demand of patients, ceramic abutments have been developed. Despite esthetic of zirconia abutments, machining accuracy of these abutments has always been a question. Any misfit in the abutment-implant interface connection can lead to detorque and screw loosening. The aim of this study was to compare torque loss value of manually aided design/manually aided manufacture (MAD/MAM) zirconia abutments with prefabricated titanium abutments.

Materials and Methods: Seven titanium abutments (Branemark RP, Easy abutment) and seven copy milled abutments which were duplicated from the prefabricated Zirkonzhan (ZirkonZahn, Sand in Taufers, Italy) were prepared. After sintering process of zirconia abutment, all abutments were fastened with a torque screw under 35 Ncm. Detorque measurements were performed per group pushing the reverse button of the Torque controller soon after screw tightening with values registered. The mean torque loss were calculated and compared using Student's t test.

Results: The mean of torque loss was 12.71 Ncm with standard deviation of 1.70 for prefabricated titanium abutments and 15.50 Ncm with standard deviation of 4.67 for MAD-MAM abutments. The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.23).

Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, MAD-MAM ceramic abutments could maintain the applied torque comparing to the prefabricated abutments.

Majid Sahebi, Marzieh Alikhasi, Farshad Movafegh, Vahideh Nazari,
Volume 29, Issue 1 (7-2016)

Background and Aims: In response to esthetic demand and use of zirconia abutments; detection of implant-abutment connection misfit is so important. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of radiographic images in the detection of abutment-implant connection misfit in zirconia and titanium abutments of three different implant connections.

Materials and Methods: One regular implant fixture of Branemark, Noble active and Replace systems were mount in acrylic models. Two pieces titanium and zirconium abutments were attached to the implants, once with correct adaptation and once with 0.5 mm spacer. Digital radiographic images were taken of 12 created states with zero degree vertical and horizontal inclination and evaluated by 10 specialists in implant treatment in two different time penods. Data were analyzed using Kappa analysis.

Results: Interclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) of the agreement of answers in the first and second times were 97.4 and 97.5, respectively (P<0/001). Sensitivity of detecting gap in all groups was acceptable (95-100%) except titanium abutment in Noble active which was the lowest value (35%). Specificity of all groups were acceptable (80-95%) except zirconia abutments in Noble active and Replace with 45% and 30% values, respectively, and titanium abutments in Branemark had the highest value (95%).

Conclusion: The sensitivity of radiographic images in detection of abutment-implant connection misfit only in Noble active with titanium abutment was not acceptable. Specificity of radiographic images in the absence of gap in titanium abutments was more favorable.

Narges Ameri , Hakimeh Siadat, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Marzieh Alikhasi,
Volume 29, Issue 2 (11-2016)

Background and Aims: Marginal accuracy is a crucial factor influencing the clinical long-term reliability of implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the marginal fit of three-unit zirconia bridge frameworks fabricated using two different computer-aided design (CAD)/
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) systems (AmannGirrbach and Zirkonzahn).

Materials and Methods: The master model of 3-unit FDP was made of two implant abutments (AmannGirrbach and Zirkonzahn) from canine to second premolar. Twelve frameworks were manufactured using each fabricating system from semi-sintered zirconia blanks, which had to be sintered for final density after milling. After manufacturing, the absolute marginal discrepancy in each abutment were determined by means of Video Measurement System (VMS). The data were analyzed, using independent and paired t test (P=0.05).

Results: For the premolar abutment, the absolute marginal discrepancy of frameworks fabricated by AmannGirrbach system was significantly greater than those of the other system (P=0.005). There was no significant difference between the marginal discrepancy of canine and premolar abutments (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it could be concluded that the marginal fit of zirconia FDPs was significantly dependent on the CAD/CAM system used, but the abutment size was not an effective factor.

Somayeh Zeighami, Marzieh Alikhasi, Maryam Memarian, Moeen Hosseini Shirazi,
Volume 30, Issue 4 (1-2018)

Background and Aims: For the clinical success of implant-retained prostheses, fitness of matching components and stability of the applied torque to the implant-abutment assembly under dynamic occlusal loading is essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the torque loss in Co-Cr castable abutments after cyclic loading.
Materials and Methods: 10 castable abutments were cast in Co-Cr alloy with similar size and height. Each specimen was mounted vertically on a separated implant using a 30 Ncm tightening torque. The detorque values of the abutments were evaluated after 10 min. The same tightening torque was applied to the abutments on their corresponding implants and cyclic loading was applied for 500,000 cycles to the implant-abutment assembly. The torque values after cyclic loading were recorded for each specimen. T-test analysis was conducted on scores from the groups.
Resultes: The results of this study showed that the percentage of torque loss in castable abutments was significantly increased after cyclic loading (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Misfit between the castable implant components can cause torque loss before and after cyclic loading. However, it is more appropriate to relate the results of this study to the screw loosening of the above mentioned abutments than judging their clinical performance.

Roxana Sadeghamalnikraftar, Maryam Rezai Dastjerdi, Hemat Gholinia, Babak Amoian,
Volume 32, Issue 1 (7-2019)

Background and Aims: Removable partial denture (RPDs) is a common therapy for rehabilitation of partialy edentulous patients while RPD causes a lot of periodontal problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of RPDs made in Babol dental school on the periodontal health of abutment and non-abutment teeth.
Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 70 patients who were candidates for RPDs divided into four groups according to Kennedy classification. The following periodontal parameters were evaluated for abutment and non-abutment teeth, plaque index (PI), calculus index (CI), width of keratinized gingiva, bleeding on probing (BOP), periodontal pocket depth (PPD), tooth mobility (TM) and gingival recession. This clinical measurement was taken immediately before insertion of the RPD, then one, three, and six months later. These parameters were then analyzed using Mann-Whitney, Independent sample t-test, Covariance, Chi-square statistical tests.
Results: In Class I; the mean score for the width of keratnized gingiva (P<0.001), PPD (P=0.002), and BOP (P<0.001) of the abutment and non-abutment teeth were significantly different after 1 month. After 3 months there were significant differences with regard to the PI (P=0.01), width of keratnized gingiva (P<0.001), BOP (P<0.001) and PPD (P<0.001). After 6 months, only the PI, CI, and TM parameters were not statistically significant. In Class II; the mean score for width of keratnized gingiva (P<0.001) and PI (P=0.002) after 1 month, width of keratnized gingiva (P<0.001), BOP (P=0.02), PPD (P=0.05) and TM (P=0.03) after 3 months and width of keratnized gingiva (P<0.001), PI (P=0.04), BOP (P<0.001) and TM (P=0.03) after six months were statistically significant. In Class III; only gingival recession did not show any significant difference at 1 and 3 months later. The width of keratnized gingiva (P<0.001), PI (P=0.001), BOP (P<0.001) and TM (P=0.03) after 6 months were statistically significant.
Conclusion: This study showed that RPDs affect the periodontal condition of both abutment and non-abutment teeth, which can be reduced by more precise design of the prosthesis, periodontal follow ups and good oral hygiene.

Dr Gelareh Eblaghian, Dr Alireza Reyhani Mohamadi, Miss Maryam Kalantari Nezhad,
Volume 34, Issue 0 (5-2021)

Background and Aims: Nowadays, the best choice for replacing missing teeth are dental implants, however, failure is not unexpected. One of the factors that plays an important role in the implant failure is bacterial microleakage which could cause biological complication. The aim of this study was to compare the bacterial microleakage between the two types of implants.
Materials and Methods: In the present interventional study, SPI and Dentis implants were placed bilaterally in the premolar-molar area of the patients' mandible. One day and 14 days after the delivery of the crown, by removing the crown and removing the abutment, sampling was performed using a sterile paper cone from four areas. One day after sample culturing, the number of colonies was counted. All data were entered into SPSS 23 and were analyzed using independent samples t-test and paired t-test with a significance level of 0.05.
Results: The amount of bacteria in implant sulcus was significantly different between the two types of implants (P=0.003). After 14 days, the amount of bacteria in SPI implant sulcus significantly decreased more than Dentis implant sulcus (P=0.001). After 14 days, the amount of bacteria also decreased in all other areas which there were no significant difference between the two types of implants (P>0.05).

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