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Showing 4 results for Antimicrobial

Ak. Khoshkhoonejad , Sh. Mohseni Salehi Monfared , Hr. Hassanjani Roshan ,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (4-2004)

Statement of Problem: Chronic periodontitis is one of the most prevalent periodontal diseases in the world which may be treated through surgical or non-surgical approaches.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of Doxycycline and placebo following SRP in non-surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis.
Materials and Methods: This double blind interventional study was conducted on patients attended to the periodontology department of Tehran faculty of dentistry from 2002 to 2003. After SRP, 22 cases and 23 controls were received Doxycycline and placebo, 20 mg twice a day for 3 months, respectively. Bleeding on probing (BOP), pocket depth (PD)<6mm and PD>7mm, and also clinical attachment level (CAL)<6mm and CAL>7mm in cases and controls after 3 and 6 months were compared by student t-test.Results: BOP after 3 and 6 months in Doxycycline recipients following SRP were significantly lower than in placebo recipients (P^0.007 and P=0.045 respectively). PD<6mm, PD>7mm, CAL<6mm and CAL>7mm in 3 and 6 months after SRP in cases were much lower than controls.
Conclusion: This study showed that the administration of Doxycycline for 3 months after SRP resulted in improvement of clinical indices as compared with SRP alone. Therefore, Doxycycline administration is recommended for chronic periodontitis treatment after SRP.
Z. Ataei , H. Abdollahi , M. Salarzadeh ,
Volume 18, Issue 4 (1-2006)

Background and Aim: Chlorhexidine is a mouthwash with known antibacterial effect but its antifungal effect is not clear. The aim of this study was to compare the antimicrobial effects of nystatin and chlorhexidine mouthwashes (one Iranian product and the other, commercial) on Candida albicans under in vitro condition. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, the strains of Candida albicans used consisted of one standard strain (PTCC 5027) and ten local isolates. The latter were obtained from patients referred to different dental clinics in Kerman city. The specimens were taken from the gum and palate area by sterile swabs and dipped into Stewards transport medium, transferred to the laboratory within one hour, and cultured on Sabauraud dextrose Agar. Colonies showing the characteristic appearance of Candida were further cultured and routine differential tests including germ tube formation were performed to confirm the diagnosis of

C.albicans. These were used to prepare a microbial cell suspension of 0.5 Mc Farland concentration. Each cell suspension was inoculated over duplicate plates of SDA and 4 wells of 5 mm diameter were made using sterile cork borers. Each previously coded mouthwash was placed in corresponding well and incubated for 24-48 hours and the diameter of inhibition zone was measured with ruler. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of each mouthwash for each isolate of Candida albicans was determined using dilution tube technique. Data were analyzed by SPSS package using proper statistical tests with P<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: There was a significant difference between the antimicrobial effects of the four tested mouthwashes. The results indicated that Iranian nystatin mouthwash had the greatest effect and the average inhibition zone from the highest to the lowest was associated with Iranian nystatin, foreign nystatin, Iranian chlorhexidine and foreign chlorhexidine respectively. The MIC determination revealed that generally nystatin was more effective than chlorhexidine. No statistical difference was seen between the Iranian and foreign samples.

Conclusions: Despite the antifungal effects of chlorhexidine, more investigations on different strains of C.albicans is required before recommending its cilinical application.

Mr. Sharifian, N. Shokouhinejad, Hr. Monsef Esfahani, M. Aligholi, M. Amjadi,
Volume 24, Issue 3 (6-2011)

Background and Aims: Instrumentation of the root canals results in formation of smear layer which covers the dentinal tubules. In infected teeth, it is ideal to achieve a material that has the ability to remove the smear layer besides antimicrobial activity. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of Citrus aurantifolia extracts (lime juice and rind extract) on Enterococcus faecalis within dentinal tubules in the presence of smear layer.
Materials and Methods: One-hundred and forty dentin tubes were prepared from bovine incisors. After removal the smear layer, the specimens were infected with Enterococcus faecalis. Then, the smear layer was reformed. Test solutions were used as the irrigants in study roups as follows: group 1: 5.25% NaOCl group 2: 17% EDTA group 3: NaOCl+EDTA group 4: Lime juice group 5: ethanolic rind extract of C.aurantifolia group 6: 96% ethanol. Dentin chips were collected from inner and outer layers of dentinal walls and optical density was measured. The data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tamhane tests.
Results: In outer layer of dentin, the efficacy of rind extract was less than that of NaOCl+EDTA (P<0.05). Also Lime juice was less effective than EDTA, NaOCl and NaOCl+EDTA (P<0.05). In inner layer of dentin, Lime juice was significantly less effective than NaOCl and NaOCl+EDTA (P<0.05). The efficacy of rind extract was less than that of NaOCl+EDTA (P<0.05).
Conclusion: In the presence of smear layer, the antimicrobial activity of Lime juice was less than that of NaOCl but the efficacy of rind extract was similar to that of NaOCl.

Fatemeh Mokhtari, Hengame Zandi, Asghar Nafez,
Volume 28, Issue 4 (1-2016)

Background and Aims: The presence of microbes inside the canal is the main reason for post-treatment infection. Therefore, the maintenance of the disinfection obtained during the treatment is imperative. The aim of this study was to compare the antimicrobial effect of Tricresol formalin and 5.25% Sodium hypochlorite on the Enterococcus faecalis.

Materials and Methods: In this study 66 human single-rooted extracted teeth were used. After access cavity and root canal preparation, the teeth were sterilized in autoclave, and then contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis suspension and incubated at 37°C for 7 days. Then, they were randomly divided into three groups of 20: In group 1, Tricresol formalin was used as intracanal medicament. In group 2, 5.25% Sodium hypochlorite and in group 3 (control group), normal saline were used as irrigants. 7 days after incubation at 37°C, the microbiological sampling was performed. For this purpose, dentinal shaves were collected from the root canals and cultured in Tryptic Soy Broth, and the number of Colony-Forming Unit (CFU) was counted. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.

Results: A significant reduction of CFU was observed in the Tricresol formalin and Sodium hypochlorite groups compared to the control group (P<0.001). No significant difference was reported between Tricresol formalin and Sodium hypochlorite groups (P=0.69).

Conclusion: The present study showed that the antimicrobial effect of Tricresol formalin was comparable with 5.25% Sodium hypochlorite on the Enterococcus faecalis.

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