Search published articles

Showing 6 results for Article

Hadi Ghasemi, Mohammad Reza Khami,
Volume 25, Issue 1 (4-2012)

Background and Aims: The present study aimed to evaluate the barriers to the production of scientific dental articles in dental schools in Iran based on the opinions of dental postgraduate students.

Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among postgraduate students of all Iranian dental schools in June 2010. The respondents rated their agreement with eight sentences about what hinder them from producing scientific dental articles based on a 5-grade Likert scale. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test.

Results: Totally, 270 filled questionnaires from 14 dental schools were received. Of all respondents, 53% were male, the mean age were 29.6 ± 3.8. About half of the respondents reported at least one published article. Less than half of the respondents reported producing an article from undergraduate thesis more women than men and more younger than older students (P<0.03). About two-third of the respondents rated absence of an English editing center, no financial incentives, no appropriate environment, and no competency for scientific writing as most prevalent barriers to the production of scientific dental articles.

Conclusion: To expand the share of Iran in the production of scientific dental documents, the potential of postgraduate dental students must be regarded and suitable condition for scientific writing must be provided. Specifically, based on the findings of the present study, provision of an English editing facility, establishing financial incentives, and providing the students with appropriate environment and efficient scientific writing education are of utmost importance.

Behrad Tanbakuchi, Abolghasem Bahador,
Volume 31, Issue 2 (9-2018)

Background and Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the application of nanoparticles in orthodontics.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted using a review method by searching Scopous, Google Scholar and Web of science. Key words (Nano silver, Nano ZnO, Nano Chitosan, Nano Curcumin and Nanoparticles) were used. These searches were limited to the English ariticles after the year 2010.
Conclusion: According to the published studies, silver nanoparticles, curcumin, titanium oxide, chitosan, zinc oxide, quaternary ammonium derivatives exhibit appropriate antibacterial properties. Further studies are recommended to investigate the effect of each of these nanoparticles on the bond strength. In order to reduce the decay, there is lack of evidences regarding the addition of ACP nanoparticles and nanoparticles of calcium- phosphate and fluoride. Therefore, further studies are recommended. Studies have shown that the addition of zinc oxide nanoparticles to orthodontic wires could reduce the friction between the wire and the bracket. While, adding titanium oxide nanoparticles to bracket increased the friction. Although, evidences in this regard are inadequate but it seems that nanoparticulates are less toxic than conventional materials.aa

Alireza Daneshkazemi, Abdolrahim Davari, Zahra Usefi, Niloofar Fallah, Solmaz Ghanbarnejad, Pedram Daneshkazemi,
Volume 33, Issue 3 (10-2020)

Background and Aims: Adding nanoparticles to dental composite resins, could reduce bacterial adhesion and secondary caries. Thermocycling can resemble in-vitro conditions to the oral environment. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of thermocycling on the microleakage of a mixture of copper oxide nanoparticles and flowable composite.
Materials and Methods: In this in-vitro study, 88 premolar teeth were divided into eight groups based on the application of copper oxide nanoparticles with concentrations of 0.1% and 0.3% w/w and thermocycling by 0, 1000, 5000 and 15,000 cycles. The occlusal grooves of the teeth were sealed with the mixture of flowable composite and copper oxide nanoparticles, and the teeth were thermocycled. Next, the teeth were immersed in methylene blue 2% solution for 24 hrs and were cut and the microleakage was evaluated by a stereomicroscope (hp/USA). Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests at the significance level of 0.05.
Results: In the groups with 0.1 % copper oxide nanoparticles, the mean microleakage increased significantly with increasing the number of thermocycling rounds (P=0.032). The difference in the microleakage between the groups exposed to 0 and 15,000 termocycling was significant (P=0.019). However, thermocycling had no significant effect on the microleakage of groups with concentration of 0.3% (P=0.780). The specimens subjected to the 0, 1000, 5000 and 15000 thermocycling in two concentrations of copper oxide nanoparticles showed no significant difference in the microleakage.
Conclusion: In groups containing copper oxide nanoparticles with a concentration of 0.1%, the microleakage increased by increasing the number of thermocycling up to 15,000 cycles compared to the control group. However, this did not have significant effect for the concentration of 0.3% copper oxide nanoparticles.

Sajjad Pezeshki, Saharnaz Hassanzadeh Kourandeh,
Volume 33, Issue 4 (1-2021)

Background and Aims: Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) is still the most commonly used material in prosthetic dentistry. However, there are problems with the mechanical properties of this type of material including low flexural strength. Addition of nanoparticles into the polymer is one way to improve the mechanical properties of acrylic resin. In the present study, the effect of silicon dioxide (SiO2) nanoparticles addition into the heat-cured acrylic resin in different concentrations was investigated. Because of the controversy had been observed in previous articles, the aim of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties of PMMA/SiO2 nanoparticle obtained from different percentages of SiO2.
Materials and Methods: In this in-vitro study, acrylic resin specimens containing 0, 1, 3 and 5% silicon dioxide (SiO2) were prepared. The specimens were placed inside the gypsum molds and placed under pressure for three times. The mold cured in boiling water for 30 min. A trimmer was used to remove the additives. Sandpapers with 180, 320 and 600 grains of silicon-carbide were used for final finishing and polishing. Finally, the flexural strengths were measured using a universal testing machine. Data were finally analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey tests at a significant level of 5% using SPSS software.
Results: The mean flexural strengths and standard deviations of control group, 1% filler, 3% filler, and 5% filler, were 57.24±8.30, 69.98±7.26, 60.16±9.18, and 61.59±9.28 MPa, respectively. After comparing significant values between each group with the control group, a significant difference was observed between the control and 1% filler group (P=0.021). However, no significant difference was observed between 3 and 5% fillers with the control group or each other. The significant differences (P-value) between 3% filler and control group were 0.892 and between 5% filler and control group was 0.975.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the use of low percentage of silicone dioxide (SiO2) nanofiller could improve the flexural strength of poly methyl methacrylate acrylic resin.

Fatemeh Sheikhshoaei, Shima Moradi, Seyedeh Sana Alavi Niakoo,
Volume 34, Issue 0 (5-2021)

Background and Aims: Dentistry is an important profession ensuring the health of body and soul, and has a special place in the scientific productions of medical disciplines. The purpose of this study was to analyze the co-citation and word co-occurrence of Iranian research papers in the field of dentistry based on indexed documents in Web of Science from 2014 to 2018.
Materials and Methods: The present study follows the procedures related to quantitative research with a descriptive approach and a scientometric technique. Co-citation and co-occurrence analysis techniques were used. In this study, 1079 articles were reviewed from the Web of Science. Data analysis was performed Ucinet Software, and VOS viewer.
Results: Iran has the highest level of international cooperation with the United States. The highest number of published articles in the Web of Science Database belongs to Vahid Derakhshani based on the highest degree of centrality, the Eigen centrality, and the Betweenness centrality. Naser AminAbadi ranked first for the Closeness Centrality metric, and Massoud Peirokh with a citation weight of 20 had the highest citation. The field of surgery has received the most attention among dental and endodontics journal had the highest citation in the Iranian Dental Science Citation Network.
Conclusion: The trend of publishing scientific articles in Iran in the field of dentistry has been increasing during the selected period. The keywords oral, dental, and pediatric surgery have the most effective and decisive role in the scientific network of dentistry. These keywords provided strong scientific communication amongst the dental scholars in Iran.

Abdolrahim Davari, Farnaz Farahat, Mahnaz Mehranfar,
Volume 35, Issue 0 (5-2022)

Background and Aims: Recently, the addition of nanoparticles into the restorative materials and tooth preparation by laser for improving the bond strength have been concidered by researchers. The aim of this study was to investigate the shear bond strength of the bioactive glass ionomer containing titanium particles and a conventional glass ionomer with two surface treatments by Er-YAG laser and conventional methods.
Materials and Methods: In this in-vitro study, 64 sound extracted premolars were collected. For conventional method, the specimens were prepared in such a way that dentin surfaces with a depth of 0.5 millimeter created at distance of 2 mm from the joint of CEJ at the root or crown.  In the laser group, after preparing the teeth, the surface area was prepared by Er-YAG laser. Then, in the middle part of the buccal surface, a cylindrical mold with dimensions of 3.5 mm in diameter and 4 mm in height was placed and for each group was filled with its own glass ionomers. The  specimens  were divided into 8 groups by simple random sampling (n=8): A (laser, conventional glass ionomer, coronal dentin)/ B (laser, glass ionomer containing titanium nanoparticle, coronal dentin)/C (conventional, conventional glass ionomer, coronal dentin)/ D (conventional, glass ionomer containing titanium nanoparticle, coronal dentin)/ E (laser, conventional glass ionomer, root dentin)/ F (laser, glass ionomer containing titanium nanoparticle, root dentin)/ G (conventional, conventional glass ionomer, root dentin)/ H (conventional, glass ionomer containing titanium nanoparticle, coronal dentin). Finally, the shear bong strength by a universal testing machine was measured at a cross-head speed of 1 mm/min. For data analysis, Two-way ANOVA test was used to evaluate the effect of each variable and their interaction on the shear bond strength and Tukey test was used to compare the two groups.
Results: There was significant difference only between groups B with C (P=0.002), E (P=0.007), G (P=0.001) and H (P=0.01). The highest bond strength was found for group B (laser, glass ionomer containing titanium nanoparticle, coronal dentin) and the lowest bond strength for group G (conventional, conventional glass ionomer, root dentin).
Conclusion: All three factors of Er-YAG laser, glass ionomer containing titanium nanoparticle and coronal dentin had a positive effect on the improvement of the bond strength.

Page 1 from 1     

© 2023 , Tehran University of Medical Sciences, CC BY-NC 4.0

Designed & Developed by: Yektaweb