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Showing 2 results for Bone Regeneration

Hr. Azimi, N. Bakhshalian, H. Shahoon,
Volume 22, Issue 2 (11-2009)

Background and Aim: The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the osteopromotion property of homogenous demineralized dentin matrix (HDDM) on experimental surgical bone defects in parietal bone of rabbits using the guided bone regeneration (G.B.R.) technique incorporating Paroguide collagen membrane.

Materials and Methods: Surgical bone defects were created in 6 Newzland white rabbits (2 defects in each rabbit). The defects were protected by Paroguide membrane alone (control group) or filled with HDDM and protected by Paroguide membrane (experimental group). The HDDM had been obtained from the central incisors of rabbits. The rabbits were sacrificed after 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 days and the defects examined histologically. Data were analyzed using pair-t test. The level of significance was set at p=0.03.

Results: Histologically, the volume of newly formed bone matrix was significantly greater in the experimental group. No inflammatory reaction was seen in either experimental or control groups.

Conclusion: Bone regeneration was accelerated in the bone defects filled with HDDM in comparison to the control group.

Farzane Jabari, Behzad Houshmand, Saeed Hesaraki,
Volume 31, Issue 3 (11-2018)

The Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) treatment concept advocates that regeneration of osseous defects is predictably attainable via the application of occlusive membranes, which mechanically exclude non-osteogenic cell populations from the surrounding soft tissues, thereby allowing osteogenic cell populations originating from the parent bone to inhabit the osseous wound. The use of membrane to exclude non-osteogenic cells, is a key principle of guided bone regeneration. A large number of membranes have been evaluated in clinical and experimental studies. The object of this study was to review the literature regarding guided bone regeneration and all types of membranes that were used in this technique. 72 articles between the years 1968 through the 2016 from PubMed, Medline and Google Scholar using the related keywords, were selected. Finally, we concluded that the modification of mechanical and physico-chemical properties of membranes could improve the process of new bone growth. However, determination of the exact role of membrane porosity in this process, still needs to be clarified. Optimization the chemical composition of membrane with the focus and attention to obstructive property and bioactivity, is an important point in this research field. Various factors such as flexibility, mechanical strength and degradation rate determine the type of membrane used for bone tissue regeneration.

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