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Showing 2 results for Direct Pulp Capping

E. Yasini , M. Pour Kazemi ,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (1-2005)

Statement of Problem: The pulp may be exposed during remove of caries or by traumatic and iatrogenic injuries. The material used to DPC, must be biocompatible, scalable and prevent bacterial leakage.Furthermore, it is better to stimulate dentinogenesis. Calcium hydroxide is most usual material for DPC. But it cannot provide a suitablcbiologic seal. Mineral irioxide aggregate (MTA) is also a suitable material for DPC.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical success of DPC done with MTA or calcium hydroxide cement.

Materials and Methods: In this study eighteen posterior teeth without previous spontaneous pain that involved mechanicaly exposure was randomly selected and capped with MTA or calcium hydroxide. These teeth were evaluated by clinical vitality test and radiograph after 3 and 12 months, and patients were questioned about irritative or spontancus pain in this period. Statistical analysis was carried out by Usher exact
test (a-0.05).
Results: This study showed that in calcium hydroxid groud three had irreversible pulpitis and two teeth had symptom and signs of reversible pulpitis. While, In MTA group all cases were normaL and no clinical sign was evident.
Conclusion: MTA exhibited better results than calcium hydroxide cement for the capping of the pulp in human

Eshagh Ali Saberi, Fereydoon Sargolzaei Aval , Arab Mohammad Reza Mohammad Reza , Seddighe Ebrahimipour ,
Volume 26, Issue 3 (8-2013)

  Background and Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tissue responses to octacalcium phosphate (OCP) and calcium hydroxide (CH) used as direct pulp capping (DPC) materials in cat teeth.

  Materials and Methods: 72 premolar teeth of 9 cats were selected and divided into 3 groups (Two experimental and one control group). After the cats had been anesthetized, the pulp were exposed and capped directly with OCP, CH or no capping material as control group. The cavities of all three groups were filled with Glass ionomer cement (GI). Histological evaluations were performed at two, four and eight weeks after pulp capping. After tissue preparation procedures, paraffin blocks were prepared. After preparation and staining of the sections, the relevant variables were measured by optical microscope. The results were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests ( α =0.05).

  Results: Two weeks after pulp capping, all specimens in three groups showed mild to sever inflammation. The formation of hard tissue (dentinal bridge) at in the exposed areas of the experimental groups was more noticeable for calcium hydroxide than that of octacalcium phosphate group. These differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). At four weeks, hard tissues were observed in both groups which were more evident for the CH group and there were statistically significant difference between two experimental groups (p<0.003). At eight weeks, continuous hard tissues were observed in both groups and there were no statistically significant difference between them (P>0.05), but hard tissues continuity were better for in the OCP than that of the CH.

  Conclusion: It seems that the formation of hard tissue in CH because of its porosities had a worse percentage in sealing of the pulp than the OCP .

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