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Showing 4 results for Ergonomics

J. Nasl Saraji , Mh. Hosseini , Sj. Shahtaheri , F. Golbabaei, M. Ghasemkhani ,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (3-2005)

Statement of Problem: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are major parts of the occupational diseases in workplaces. Protection from such diseases is dependent on assessment and improvement of job postures by using job analysis methods in ergonomics.

Purpose: This study was aimed to evaluate ergonomic conditions in dental professions by rapid entire body assessment (REBA) in Birjand city and also to assess the relation between MSDS in different parts of the body and work conditions.

Materials and Methods: This study was a descriptive-analytical approach performed on 48 persons working at different professions by using REBA method. The prevalence of MSDs was obtained by using Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ). The data were analyzed by independent t-test, Chi-square and Fisher tests with P<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: In this investigation, the prevalence of disorders for different parts of the body was as follows: 65% for neck, 60% for back, 38% for shoulders, and 31% for wrist. These disorders were higher in women than men except for the back. There were significant correlation between disorders of femur and foreleg with work history, ankle and sole with body mass index (BMI), and MSDs with work conditions (P<0.05).

Conclusion: It is concluded that the work conditions and postures need to be improved. In addition the level of dental professional education regarding biomechanical hazardous effects as well as correct work conditions and postures should be increased.

H. Dargahi, J. Saraji, J. Sadr, G. Sadri,
Volume 22, Issue 4 (1-2010)

Background and Aims: There are several risk factors in dentistry professional environment. Carelessness about occupational health regulation endangers dentist's life. Erconomics in dentistry is a scientific approach which introduces the latest ergonomic principles in dental profession. It discusses about physical and mental stresses. Ergonomic programs eliminate dentist physical and mental challenges and provide practical solution to establish efficient and comforting environment.

Materials and Methods: This study reviewed the role and effectiveness of Ergonomics in dental profession. We used related journals, books and ergonomics websites to write this article.

Conclusion: Many of researchers believe that awkward body posture and low movement are the sources of occupational disorders. Therefore, knowledge of ergonomics risk factors in dental office design is very important. Dentist's body posture and dental equipment evaluations are important factors in dental ergonomics. The most logical approach to design dental equipment for utilizing ergonomics principles is consideration of the dentist posture and type of movements and activities. In conclusion, dentists should be informed about dental ergonomics regulation and its different aspects. Furthermore, academic developments and research projects can be useful in this area.

Roghieh Aliakbari, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi, Hadi Tehrani, Habibollah Esmaeili, Rajabali Hokmabadi,
Volume 31, Issue 1 (6-2018)

Background and Aims: The dentistry profession is one of the most injuring professions that causes most pains and hurts for dentists because of their lack of knowledge about the ergonomic position through the work. The purpose of this study was to assess the ergonomic position of dentists with RULA method in dentists of Bojnord.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all of the Bojnord’s county dentists were selected. RULA method and Nowerdik questionnaire were used for investigating the agronomical position, and muscular-skeleton position, respectively. The analysis was done by SPSS22 using regression and chi-square test. A P-value of less than 0.005 was assumed as significant.
Results: The most muscle-skeleton reports were 55.6% (35 persons) related to back, 54% (34 persons) related to shoulders, 50.8% (32 persons) related to waist, and 47.6% (30 persons) related to neck aches. In the last 12 months, 90.5% of dentists reported pains from at least one of organs of their bodies and 27% were supposed to leave their works which the sex (P=0.84), length (P=0.75), and weight (P=0.38) were not significantly related to this case.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study educational interventions is essential to prevent the musculoskeletal disorders in dentistry.

Zahra Borna, Azad Jamei, Mojtaba Ghorbanian, Saman Taram,
Volume 35, Issue 0 (5-2022)

Background and Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of ergonomics during dental treatment among students of Urmia university of medical sciences in 2020.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, self-administered questionnaires were given to 78 dental students of Urmia University in 2020 and the knowledge, attitude, and practice of every participant were evaluated. Demographic data including sex, age, and University grade were recorded as well. Data were analyzed by SPSS software24 with One Way ANOVA and t-test and the significance level of P<0.05.
Results: 78 students (44 males and 34 female) by Mean Age 23.9±2.12 were included in the study. The difference between the attitudes of different age groups was significant (P=0.006). The age group of 20 to 24 years had a more positive attitude than other age groups. However, the results of this study did not show a significant r elationship between the participants' knowledge and practice with their age (P>0.05).
Conclusion: According to this study, the knowledge, attitude and practice of Urmia dental students were in the desired range. 20-24 year students had significantly higher attitude in comparison to others. Therefore, more endeavors should be taken to improve these parameters in ergonomics.

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