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Showing 4 results for Fiber Post

M. Ghavam , H. Kermanshah , M. Ataei , N. Shadman ,
Volume 20, Issue 1 (5-2007)

Background and Aim: Insufficient polymerization of resin cements is of considerable clinical importance, because of mechanical deficiencies and biological side effects of uncured resin. Dual cure resin cements are getting popular in luting tooth colored posts and although their curing is claimed to proceed chemically, polymerization efficiency in deep areas of canal is uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate degree of polymerization of dual-cure resin cements used for luting translucent and opaque fiber posts in different distances from the light tip.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental in vitro study, degree of conversion of two dual cured resin cements, Rely X ARC (3M, ESPE) and Nexus 2 (Kerr, USA) were measured when used with DT-Light and DT-White posts (RTD, France). The light curing unit used was Optilux 501, with output of 650-700 mw/cm2 with emitting time of 60 seconds. Degree of conversion was measured in three different depths (4, 6, 8 mm) by FTIR. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and Post hoc tests. P<0.05 was considered as the level of significance.

Results: DC% of Rely X with either of the posts was not significantly different in the studied depths (P>0.05). Nexus used with DT-Light had lower DC% in 8 mm depth (P<0.05). Nexus used with DT-White showed lower DC% in 8 mm depth compared to 4 mm depth. The control groups of both cements showed significant increased DC% in 4 mm depth compared to 6 and 8 mm depths (P<0.05). DT-White caused decreased DC% in both cements in 4 mm. DT-Light caused increased DC% of Rely X in 6 mm depth compared to DT-White and control. DT-Light increased DC% of Nexus in 6 and 8 mm depths, compared to DT-White and control groups.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, application of translucent fiber posts has a significant effect on degree of polymerization in dual-cure resin cements, compared to opaque types. Their better light transmission to deep areas due to the effect of optical fibers, can lead to better results.

M. Mirzaei, E. Yassini, M. Ghavam, A. Pahlavan, M. Hasani Tabatabaie, S. Arami, H. Kermanshah, B. Esmaieli,
Volume 21, Issue 2 (11-2008)

Background and Aim: Various studies have shown that reliable bond at the root - post - core interfaces are critical for the clinical success of post - retained restorations. Severe stress concentration at post - cement interface increases post debonding from the root. To form a bonded unit that reduces the risk of fracture, it is important to optimize the adhesion. Therefore, some post surface treatments have been proposed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of various surface treatments of tooth - colored posts on the bonding of resin cement.

Materials and Methods: In this interventional study, 144 tooth colored posts were used in 18 groups (8 samples in each group). The posts included quartz fiber (Matchpost), glass fiber (Glassix), and zirconia ceramic (Cosmopost) and the resin cement was Panavia F 2.0. The posts received the following surface treatments: 1- No surface treatment (control group), 2- Etching with HF and silane, 3- Sandblasting with Cojet sand, 4- Sandblasting with Cojet sand and application of silane, 5- Sandblasting with alumina particles, 6- Sandblasting with alumina particles and application of silane. Then, posts were cemented into acrylic molds with Panavia F 2.0 resin cement. The specimens were placed in water for 2 days and debonded in pull - out test. Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA followed by Tamhane and Tukey HSD. Failure modes were observed under a stereomicroscope (10 ). P<0.05 was considered as the significant level.

Results: Surface treatments (sandblasting with Cojet and alumina particles ,with or without silane) resulted in improved bond strength of resin cement to glass fiber post (Glassix) and zirconia ceramic (Cosmopost) [p<0/05], but not to the quartz fiber post (Matchpost). In general, higher bond strengths resulted in a to higher percentage of cohesive failures within the cement.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, sandblasting with cojet and alumina particles increases bond strength of resin cement to glass fiber post (Glassix) and zirconia ceramic (Cosmopost).Generally, the bond strength of resin cement to the posts is affected by the post's composition and surface treatment.

Sh. Nasermostofi, A. Raghanians, S. Banava, E. Jalalian, A. Abdollah,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (8-2009)

Background and Aim: A key factor in restoring the endodontically treated teeth is ferrule preparation. When the ferrule is absent, occlusal loads may cause the post or root to fracture. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of ferrule preparation on fatigue resistance of teeth restored with quartz-fiber posts.

Materials and Methods: Twenty single-rooted lower premolars having similar dimentions were randomly devided into two groups of 10. In control group the teeth were prepared with 3-mm of remaining coronal tooth structure and in test group teeth were prepared with 1-mm of remaining coronal tooth structure. The teeth were endodontically treated. 9-mm long Post holes were prepared, and D.T. light quartz-fiber(RTD,France) posts were cemented with Panavia F2(Kuraray,Japan).Then the core build up was done with Bisco core build up composite(Bisco,USA) and full metal crowns were cemented with Zinc phosphate(Harvard cement, Germany). All specimens were mounted in acrylic resin blocks and intermittently loaded (180 N) at an angulation of 45- degree to the long axis of the teeth at a frequency of 4 loads per second, until failure occurred.

Results: There was significant difference between the loads cycles of two groups studied. (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that an increased amount of coronal dentin significantly increases the fracture resistance of teeth restored with quartz-fiber posts.

S. Nokar, H. Dorriz, H. Hajimiragha, N. Shamashyan ,
Volume 22, Issue 1 (8-2009)

Background and Aim: Debonding is the most common failure type of fiber posts. This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the bond strength of 3 different fiber posts cemented with a resin luting agent in three regions of prepared post spaces after being subjected to termocycling.

Materials and Methods Thirty six mandibular first premolars were sectioned at the cemento-enamel junction and were treated endodontically. After one week the post spaces were prepared and roots were divided into 3 groups of 12 specimens according to the post types (D.T.Composipost, D.T.White, D.T.Light). Sealbond Cement Dual II was used in all groups. One day after cementation, specimens were subjected to 3500 thermal cycles (5oC/55oC). Each root was then embedded in acrylic resin and sectioned perpendicular to long axis. Three 1-mm tick segments from apical, middle and cervical thirds were prepared. Push out test was performed. Data were analyzed with 2-way ANOVA (P<0.05). All root segments and dislodged posts were observed with stereomicroscope to figure out their failure modes.

Results: The post type had no significant effect on bond strength (p=0.08). However bond strength at the coronl segment was higher than the other segments (p=0.005). Mixed mode was the mostly occurred failure mode with D.T.Composipost and D.T.Light but with D.T.White, the mostly occurred failure mode was adhesive between the post and cement.

Conclusion: Different fiber posts have relatively similar bond strength to root dentin, bond strength at the coronl segment was higher than the other segments.

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