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Showing 9 results for Plaque

Sh. Jafari , N.  ebrahimi-E- Daryani , S. Zeinali, M.  motalleb Nejad ,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (8-2001)

Helicobacter pylori infection causes gastric and duodenal ulcer. However recurrence of infection after eradication would suggest the existence of other reinfecting sources in the gastrointestinal tract (Gl). The aim of this study was to assess the existence ofhelicobacter pylori in dental plaques of patients harboring Helicobacter pylori in their GI tract. Antral biopsies were taken from 40 patients with Gl problems and cultured. Samples were also taken from dental plaques of patients with positive Helicobacter pylori culture under microaerophilic conditions and evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) reamplification. The mean age of patients was 40 years 24 (60%) male and 16 (40%) female. The results obtained from dental plaque cultures, which analysed by PCR were all negative, however 7 (17.5%) cases were found positive by PCR reamplification. The results showed that Helicobacter pylori could exist in dental plaque and PCR reamplification could be used for its detection as a more sensitive technique. More research should be conducted to examine any relation between the existence of Helicobacter pylori in dental plaques and recurrent GI disorders.
M. Saghazadeh , Ao. Navidi ,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (1-2007)

Background and Aim: Although toothbrushing is still the most effective method in plaque reduction, it is insufficient for total plaque removal. Considering this limitation, it is suggested that toothbrushing could be aided by chemical methods. For this purpose, it is advised to use some kind of mouthrinses before toothbrushing to increase the rate of microbial plaque removal. Several prebrushing mouthrinses are available in the market and comparing their efficiency is valuable for dentists. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effect of two prebrushing mouthrinses, Plax and Irsha, on dental plaque reduction.

Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was carried out as an interventional and triple blind protocol, using completely random block design. For this purpose, questionnaire and initial examination chart was filled for 50 healthy volunteers between the age of 18 and 40 years and finally 30 individuals were selected based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria. If scaling and polishing was necessary, it was performed at least 2 weeks before starting the main program. Then, each volunteer participated in a 4 steps program, including one step toothbrushing without use of mouthrinse and three steps toothbrushing after use of one of the mouthrinses (Plax, Irsha, Placebo). Data were analyzed by SPSS software using factorial analysis, ANOVA and Tukey’s multiple comparison tests with p<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: Toothbrushing without use of mouthrinse decreased the amount of plaque, significantly (P<0.0001). Use of mouthrinse without toothbrushing decreased the amount of plaque significantly (P<0.0001). The amount of plaque reduction after use of various mouthrinses (Plax, Irsha, Placebo) showed no statistical differences (P=0.761). Use of the mouthrinses before toothbrushing, had no statistically significant effect on the final results after toothbrushing (P=0.331).

Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, although using mouthrinses decrease the amount of dental plaque significantly, but the prebrushing mouthrinse didn't show statistically significant effect on final result after toothbrushing.

A. Ebadifar, A. Naghibi, N. Valaie, Gh. Ramezani, S. Sadat Mansori,
Volume 21, Issue 2 (11-2008)

Background and Aim: Plaque control has always been important in preventive dentistry. Various methods and materials have been introduced for this purpose. Recently a three-colored tooth paste has been introduced which claims to prevent plaque formation. The aim of this study was to compare three-colored pouneh tooth paste containing triclosan with the conventional one in preventing plaque formation.

Materials and Methods: This was a randomized double blind cross over clinical trial which was carried out on 40 dental students of Tehran azad university in 2005. Before beginning the trial, the index of plaque was evaluated, registered and reduced to null. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups, the case group (three color tooth paste) and the control group (conventional tooth paste). The participants were asked to apply the specified tooth paste with an oral B Advantage Artica toothbrush for two weeks. After two weeks, the amount of plaque was re-registered and again reduced to null. The type of tooth paste was changed among two groups and the plaque was registered for the third time at the end of two weeks. Then the patients and assessors were not aware of the type of tooth paste in the tubes (double blind). McNamar and ManWhitney test were used.

Results: From the 40 subjects, 4 cases were omitted due to the different reasons. The amount of initial plaque index was 88.3 12.1 which was reduced to 78.2 16.9 in the control and 74.1 19.3 in the case group. The difference between primary plaque and secondary plaque (after applying tooth paste) was significant in both case and control groups, however there was not any significant difference between two groups.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, there was not any significant difference between conventional and three-colored tooth paste in reducing the plaque index.

M. Karami Nogourani, M. Banihashemi,
Volume 23, Issue 1 (6-2010)

Background and Aims: Studies show that sucrose containing chewing gums are cariogenic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two commercial chewing gums with and without sucrose on dental plaque accumulation compared with the control group.

Materials and Methods: In this clinical study, plaque accumulation during three 7-day periods (with two weeks interval) was recorded (Sillness & Loe Index) in a group of 23 volunteer male dental students who chewed in the first two periods sugar-free or sugar-containing chewing gums (Olips and Orbit, respectively) and in the last period did not chew any gum. Participants were asked to chew daily five gum sticks after meals for about twenty minutes. The data were statistically analyzed using Repeated Measure ANOVA and paired-T test.

Results: The results showed that chewing any gum even sucrose-containing gum decreased the level of dental plaque accumulation (P<0.001). However, the decreasing effect of sugar-free gums was significantly higher (P<0.001).

Conclusion: Although sugar free gum was more effective than sugar containing gum on reducing dental plaque accumulation, chewing even sugar containing gums could decrease the level of dental plaque.

Ezatollah Jalalian, Fatemeh Rajaei, Marzieh Bavaisi, Niloofar Moghaddam, Fereshte Keykha, Rezvaneh Cheraghi,
Volume 28, Issue 2 (7-2015)

  Background and Aims: Tooth crowning often leads to changes in periodontal index through changes in emergence profile zone. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of metal-ceramic with that of
All-Ceramic restorations on the plaque a accumulation.

  Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, we used 102 teeth covered with metal-ceramic and all-ceramic restorations. Before and after crowning, plaque index (PI) and gingival indexes (MGl) were measured. Data were analyzed using covariance (ANCOVA) test.

  Results: Measured PI and MGI (Mean±SD) in PFM Group prior to crowning were (1.96±0.38) and (1.45±0.48), respectively. In metal-ceramic restorations group, six months after crowning, measured PI and MGI (Mean±SD) were (1.22±0.49) and (1.82±0.61), respectively. Measured PI and MGI (Mean±SD) in All-Ceramic Group prior to crowning were (1.22±0.52) and (1.25±0.29), respectively. In All-Ceramic, six months after crowning, measured PI and MGI (Mean±SD) were (0.88±0.51) and (1.43±0.50), respectively. ANOVA test showed statistical significance difference between metal-ceramic and All-Ceramic Groups in Indexes (P<0.001).

  Conclusion: Metal-ceramic and All-Ceramic crowns were associated with inflammatory changes in gingival. Metal-ceramic restorations were associated with higher inflammatory indexes compared with All-Ceramic crowns.

Peyvand Moeiny, Mohmmad Sharif Askari, Farhad Raofie, Sara Zahedi Rad,
Volume 29, Issue 2 (11-2016)

Background and Aims: Soy milk in competition with other drinks introduced as healthy and nutrient drink. Nowadays, most important tendency to consume soy milk is new extended developments to produce soy milk with more acceptable taste and is believed that soy milk is a good substitute for bovine milk in lactose-intolerant people. Cariogenic potential of bovine and soy milk is a subject for lots of researches in the last decade. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of soy and bovine milks on the pH changes of dental plaque.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 10 healthy dental students in age range of 25-35 were selected after written consent upon study entrance criteria's such as, amount of saliva streptococcus mutans, amount of lactobacillus, salivary secretion rate, buffering capacity of saliva, absence of active dental caries, absence of systemic disease and etc. Dental plaque pH in the interproximal areas of 2nd premolar and 1st molar in all 4 quadrants was taken by Metrohm micro electrode and digital pH meter before (0) and at 2, 5, 7, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 min after taking with 3 tested materials (soy milk, plain milk 1.5% and 10% sucrose solution as a positive control). Then pH curves were drawn according to the time of each test product. In this study, using pH=6 was considered as critical pH. Maximum pH drop and ∆pH after taking 3 tested materials were analysed Repeated measure ANOVA (P<0.05).

Results: According to the test materials, the lowest pH was after rinsing with 10% sucrose solution following soy milk and in the last was 1.5% bovine milk. All the test materials showed significant differences among each others

Conclusion: Bovine milk in none of frequent timing dropped its pH below basic pH but also significantly increased the plaque pH above the critical pH. The maximum pH drop for soy milk was in 2minutes after consumption but it never reached below the critical pH.

Yalda Elham, Neda Moslemi, Hoda Barati,
Volume 31, Issue 4 (1-2019)

Background and Aims: Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease with unknown etiology. One of the most common manifestations of patients with oral lichen planus is gingival involvement in the form of generalized erythematous areas. The aim of this study was to review the articles evaluating the role of plaque control on the gingival manifestations of oral lichen planus.
Materials and Methods: Motor searches of Ovid Medline and EM base databases, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Science Direct were searched for article published between January 1990 and December 2017 using of relevant key words. After reviewing the abstracts of articles, 20 full articles were selected and among them, 7 relevant articles were reviewed in this study.
Conclusion: From the literature, it was concluded that effective plaque control is the main part of lesions treatment and improvement of symptoms and gingival manifestations of oral Lichen planus.

Sara Valizadeh, Ladan Ranjbar Omrani, Zohreh Moradi,
Volume 33, Issue 2 (8-2020)

Background and Aims: Enoxolon is a natural licorice and its formula is similar to cortisone. The aim of this double blind randomized match control clinical trial, was to analyze the effect of Arthrodont toothpaste containing 1% Enoxolone on dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and bleeding indices.
Materials and Methods: 40 patients who had gingivitis were selected. They were instructed to brush their teeth twice daily for three minutes then massage the gums with pastes for one minute and then wash their mouths. The patients were divided into two groups: The Arthrodont toothpaste containing Enoxolon, was given to the study group and the Crest toothpaste free of Enoxolon, was given to the control group. At the beginning of the study and after 21 days, plaque, gingival, and bleeding indices were measured. The statistical analyses were done by Paird T test, T test and nonparametrical analysis of Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney.
Results: In both groups, the three indices decreased significantly. Comparing between the two groups, the gingival and bleeding indices had significantly decreased in the study group (Arthrodont toothpaste) compared to the control group (Crest toothpaste). However, no significance difference in the plaque index between the two groups was found (P=0.143).
Conclusion: The results of this clinical study showed that Enoxolon had anti-inflammatory effect on gingivitis.

Farzad Imamverdy, Reza Yazdani,
Volume 35, Issue 0 (5-2022)

Background and Aims: The most effective way to maintain and improve oral health is tooth brushing to physically remove dental plaque. In this regard, this study was conducted to compare the efficiency of the usual method of each person in comparison with different methods of brushing to remove dental plaque.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 2020, as a randomized and open clinical trial with 72 non-dental male and female students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. In this study, the usual method of tooth brushing with Modified Bass and Scrub Horizontal methods after training was evaluated in two random groups with plaque and gingival indices. Plaque index as a percentage and gingival index as a number (numbers between 0-1 mild inflammation, 1.1-2 moderate inflammation, 2-3 severe inflammation) were reported. The results were analyzed using SPSS25 software and paired t-test and variance equality test.
Results: The efficiency of the usual tooth brushing method in comparison with the two Modified Bass and Scrub Horizontal methods using two indicators of dental plaque and gingival indices was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Each method alone after tooth brushing significantly removed dental plaque (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the efficiency of the usual method of tooth brushing compared to trained methods in removing dental plaque and reducing gingivitis in short-term evaluation was not statistically significant.

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