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Showing 4 results for Torque

Mohammadreza Mallakzadeh, Milad Farzadi,
Volume 25, Issue 4 (1-2013)

Background and Aims: Different mechanisms have been developed for connecting abutment to implant. One of the most popular mechanisms is Tapered Integrated Screw (TIS), which is a Tapered Interference Fit (TIF) with a screw integrated at the bottom of that. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of TIS and effective factors in employing TIS during design and implementation processes using an analytic method.

Materials and Methods: Relevant equations were developed to predict tightening and loosening torques, contact pressure and preloads with and without bone tissue in this analysis. The efficiency is defined as the ratio of the loosening torque to the tightening torque. The effects of the change in elastic modulus and thickness of the bone on operation of this mechanism were investigated.

Results: In this study, 14 independent parameters such as taper angle, friction coefficient, abutment and implant geometry that are effective on performance of TIS mechanism were presented. The role of some factors was shown in the performance of ITI implant using sensitivity analysis.

Conclusion: It was shown that friction coefficient, contact length, and implant radius play major roles on tightening and loosening torques and efficiency of the mechanism. Furthermore, the results revealed that the change in the elastic modulus and thickness of the bone influenced the efficiency of the mechanism less than 15%.

Marzieh Alikhasi, Roshanak Baghaie, Nasim Khosronejad, Pooya Aslani,
Volume 26, Issue 1 (3-2013)

Background and Aims: In response to esthetic demand of patients, ceramic abutments have been developed. Despite esthetic of zirconia abutments, machining accuracy of these abutments has always been a question. Any misfit in the abutment-implant interface connection can lead to detorque and screw loosening. The aim of this study was to compare torque loss value of manually aided design/manually aided manufacture (MAD/MAM) zirconia abutments with prefabricated titanium abutments.

Materials and Methods: Seven titanium abutments (Branemark RP, Easy abutment) and seven copy milled abutments which were duplicated from the prefabricated Zirkonzhan (ZirkonZahn, Sand in Taufers, Italy) were prepared. After sintering process of zirconia abutment, all abutments were fastened with a torque screw under 35 Ncm. Detorque measurements were performed per group pushing the reverse button of the Torque controller soon after screw tightening with values registered. The mean torque loss were calculated and compared using Student's t test.

Results: The mean of torque loss was 12.71 Ncm with standard deviation of 1.70 for prefabricated titanium abutments and 15.50 Ncm with standard deviation of 4.67 for MAD-MAM abutments. The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.23).

Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, MAD-MAM ceramic abutments could maintain the applied torque comparing to the prefabricated abutments.

Somayeh Zeighami, Marzieh Alikhasi, Maryam Memarian, Moeen Hosseini Shirazi,
Volume 30, Issue 4 (1-2018)

Background and Aims: For the clinical success of implant-retained prostheses, fitness of matching components and stability of the applied torque to the implant-abutment assembly under dynamic occlusal loading is essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the torque loss in Co-Cr castable abutments after cyclic loading.
Materials and Methods: 10 castable abutments were cast in Co-Cr alloy with similar size and height. Each specimen was mounted vertically on a separated implant using a 30 Ncm tightening torque. The detorque values of the abutments were evaluated after 10 min. The same tightening torque was applied to the abutments on their corresponding implants and cyclic loading was applied for 500,000 cycles to the implant-abutment assembly. The torque values after cyclic loading were recorded for each specimen. T-test analysis was conducted on scores from the groups.
Resultes: The results of this study showed that the percentage of torque loss in castable abutments was significantly increased after cyclic loading (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Misfit between the castable implant components can cause torque loss before and after cyclic loading. However, it is more appropriate to relate the results of this study to the screw loosening of the above mentioned abutments than judging their clinical performance.

Hoseinali Mahgoli, Habib Hjmiragha, Saied Nokar, Yousef Jafarian,
Volume 32, Issue 2 (10-2019)

Background and Aims: Diferences whithin shape and size of hand wrenches in diferent systems could affect the torque applied. Therefore, evaluation of wrenches has been emphasized. The aim of the present study was to compare the torque values of the long and short torque wrenches in different implant systems including ITI, Implantium and Nobel Biocare.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental trial, 5 dentists with at least 5 years of professional experience closed the abutment screw in different implants systems using the long and short manual wrenches while the wrench-induced torque values were calculated by digital torque-meter. Torque application was done for 3 times with 10-minutes resting time between each wrench uses in the habitual closing torque manner. Data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance test in different implant systems, while the paired comparisons were done using Tukey post hoc test.
Results: The maximum torque values of the long manual wrenches were 27.73±4.57 Ncm, 34.6±8.09 Ncm and 30.6±6.94 Ncm for the ITI, Implantium, and Nobel Biocare systems, respectively. While the values were reported to be 26.4±5.3 Ncm, 35.27±7.94 Ncm and 30.13±5.26 Ncm in the short manual wrenches for the ITI, Implantium and Nobel Biocare systems, respectively. Significant differences were found between ITI and Implantium (P<0.0001), and between Implantium and Nobel Biocare systems (P<0.021). However, no significant differences were observed between ITI and Nobel Biocare systems regarding wrench-induced torque values (P>0.05).
Conclusion: From the results, the torque values obtained by different long and short manual wrenches were specific to different implant systems. These values were less in ITI and Nobel Biocare systems and higher in implantun than those range provided for the implant systems by the companies.

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