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Showing 7 results for Treatment Outcome

Seyed Masoud Majidi Tehrani, Hamid Ghaderi , Mahnoosh Foroughi , Manouchehr Hekmat, Mahmoud Beheshti Monfared, Hassan Tatari , Seyed Mohsen Mirhosseini , Zargham Hossein Ahmadi, Zahra Ansari Aval, Seyedeh Adeleh Mirjafari,
Volume 72, Issue 2 (5-2014)

Background: Primary cardiac tumors are rare tumors which should be operated urgently. In this study, cardiac myxoma have been evaluated from diagnosis until dis-charge in a 10 years period and then results including presenting symptoms, approach to the patients were compared with similar study in this center a decade ago. Methods: Patients who underwent operation for myxoma from year 2003 until 2013 in the Shahid Modarres Hospital were included in this study. Results: Eighteen patients included in the study, 11 female and seven male. Patients’ ages were in the range of 13 to 76 years (mean 53 years). Mean time from diagnosis to operation was 5.8 days and mean time from surgery to discharge was 8.6±6.1 days. Most common presenting symptoms were first clinical presentation in four patients. In all patents echocardiography was the main diagnostic modality. In addition to trans thoracic echocardiography (TTE), in five patients TEE was used and in 13 patients coronary angiography was used to rule out concomitant coronary artery disease. 94.4% of all tumors (17 cases) were primary cardiac tumors and only one tumor (5.6%) was recurrent. In 16 patients (88.9%) tumor were found in the Left Atrium (L.A) and in one case, tumor was found in both atria and in another case, tumor was in the ventricle. After tumor excision, atrial septum was repaired primarily in seven cases (38.9%) and with pericardial patch in 9 cases. One patient underwent concomitant coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and another patient underwent concomitant pulmonary valve repair. 14 patients (77.8%) discharged from hospital without any post operative complication. Heart block occurred in one patient and cerebral emboli with secondary cerebrovascular accident (CVA) developed in two patients. One patient died (5.6%). Conclusion: Comparing results from two similar studies in two consecutive decades revealed that mean time from diagnosis to operation obviously was reduced but ad-vances in diagnostic modalities were unable to change clinical presentation or reduce age of tumor diagnosis or complications or size.
Firooz Esmaeilzadeh, Nahid Hatam , Zhila Esmaeilzadeh , Abdolhalim Rajabi , Meysam Anami , Sajad Vahedi , Hossien Mirzaei,
Volume 72, Issue 9 (12-2014)

Background: The rabies is a deadly disease and if its symptoms break out in a person, he will certainly die. However, the deaths caused rabies can be prevented by post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Methods: In this study, subjects were recruited through census and with respect to in-formation which gathered from Fars Province health centers, Pasteur institution and previous studies In Iran. The mortalities for age groups and by sex type have been cal-culated. The decision tree model using probabilities, which the effectiveness of PEP treatment after getting bitten by an animal suspected, persons to receive specified. Dis-ability adjusted life year score (DALY) was applied to estimate the DALYs saved from PEP. In this study it was assumed that if a person suffering with rabies, a few days af-ter the onset of symptoms, death is compulsory. Therefore YLD rabies was considered zero. Finally, to increasing the accuracy and because inherent uncertainty of the data, and the increase the power of analysis, one-way sensitivity analysis was used. Results: From March 2011 to March 2012, in Fars Province, total cases of animal bites were reported and received PEP treatment. The cases were 5394 (75.85%) male and 1717 (24.15%) female. PEP generally prevented from 177.076 deaths which 134.096 (75.72%) were men and 42.98 (24.27%) of them were women. The age distribution of suspected animal bites in youth more than adults, and in men higher than women. Also due to prevented mortality caused by PEP, it is prevented from 4455.71 DALYs. Based on the sensitivity analysis DALY prevented, except for dogs and cats, there was no change in the other animals. Conclusion: The implementation of PEP for animal bitten people remarkably reduced the burden of disease in community. Calculations with primitive cost estimations im-plicitly revealed that this intervention is a most cost-effectiveness program.
Amir Keshvari , Mohammad-Sadegh Fazeli , Alireza Kazemeni , Alipasha Meisami , Mohammad-Kazem Nouri-Taromloo,
Volume 72, Issue 12 (3-2015)

Background: Sacrococcygel region is the most common site for pilonidal sinus and surgery is the most common treatment for it. Numerous operative techniques have been described for management of this disease but a technique with low recurrence and complication rates is the best treatment option. Karydakis has been introduced as a method with less recurrence rate, but it seems that surgeons debate on complications and it is not a common technique in our country. In this article, we will discuss Karydakis procedure and its results after a prospective follow-up in our patients. Methods: This is a prospective single cohort study on the patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease. Cases evaluated in this study included patients underwent Karydakis procedure for their pilonidal sinus from 23 September 2006 to 22 September 2013. Patients were followed-up prospectively after their discharge within the first week, first month and third month for early complications and then annually for recurrence. The length of follow-up ranged from 3 to 77 months (median 36 months). Results: Of 141 patients, 119 (84.4%) were male and mean operating time was 55.52 (35-120) minutes. Mean time to healing wound with no need to dressing was 15.92 (range: 2-120) days and mean time to return to work was 14.44 (range, 1-35) days. Overall rate of early post-operative complications was 21.3% that most of them treated conservatively. Wound breakdown within the caudal part was the most common complication detected in 12.1% of patients and infection was detected in 5.8%. Hematoma, seroma and complete wound breakdown were seen in one patient each. The mean score of patient's satisfaction after one year was 4.91 out of 5. Recurrence was appeared in 1.42% of patients. Conclusion: Karydakis procedure for sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease is associated with low complications, short healing time and return to work, and reasonable recurrence rate.
Azadeh Meamarian , Shayesteh Ashrafi Esfahani , Shahrokh Mehrpisheh , Atoosa Mahdavi Saeedi , Kamran Aghakhani ,
Volume 73, Issue 3 (6-2015)

Background: The relationship of the base of appendix to the cecum remains constant, whereas the tip can be found in a retrocecal, pelvic, subcecal, preileal, or right pericolic position. These anatomic considerations have significant clinical importance in the context of acute appendicitis. The knowledge about the correct anatomical position of appendix may facilitate in generating an accurate diagnosis of appendicitis as well as assist in achieving a better prognosis and early treatment. The present study aimed to determine the anatomical location of the appendix in Iranian cadavers. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 cadavers who were referred to the Forensic Center of Tehran from March to September 2013. The data including age, sex, weight, and appendix length and position were collected and analyzed using SPSS software, version 16 (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: In the present study, 200 cadavers were evaluated accidentally, of which 173 (86.5%) were males and 26 (13%) were females, and the mean age was 39.96 years±16.31 (SD). The mean wall thickness of the appendix was 9.78 cm±16.31 (SD). The mean appendix length was 9.86 cm±1.79 (SD) in men and 9.30 cm±1.56 (SD) in women. The appendix height was long in 20 cadavers (10%), short in 3 cadavers (1.5%), and moderate in 177 cadavers (88.55%) cadavers. The appendix position was posterior in 120 (60%), ectopic in 32 (16%), and pelvic in 48 (24%) cadavers. Conclusion: Majority of appendices examined in the present study were positioned at the posterior (Retrocecal) of pelvis. According to different positions of appendices in different populations and different races, the knowledge of appendix position in various populations is necessary for early diagnosis and treatment and fewer complications for related disease.
Malihea Khaleghian , Issa Jahanzad , Abbas Shakoori , Neda Zargari, Maryam Mohamadi , Cyrus Azimi ,
Volume 73, Issue 4 (7-2015)

Background: The incidence rate of gastric cancer in Western countries has shown a remarkable decline in recent years although it is still the almost common cancer between men in Iran. The proto-oncogene MYC, located at 8q24.1, regulates almost 15% of human genes and is activated in 20% of all tumors. MYC amplification and overexpression of its protein product are observed in 15-30% of gastric neoplasia. The objective of this study was to find the preference of CISH or IHC in the diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer. Methods: In this cross-sectional investigation, 102 paraffin blocks samples of Iranian patients with gastric cancers were studied. All the patients had undergone primary surgical resection at the Cancer Institute Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences from 1987 to 1993. CISH and IHC techniques were applied to the samples. CISH was carried out on 3-µm-thick tissue sections and with a ZytoDot CISH Implementation Kit (ZytoVision GmbH, Germany). IHC was down using the HRP method with the monoclonal antibody. A universal peroxidase-conjugated secondary antibody kit was used for the detection system. All samples were gastric adenocarcinoma and were selected randomly. Results: Our data revealed that both diffuse and intestinal types of gastric cancer occurred significantly in men more than women. Our results showed an indication of some correlation between grades and CISH results, although the difference was not significant. Our data also showed that CISH+ patients (43.1%) were more frequent in comparison with IHC+ patients (14.7%). There was a correlation between CISH and IHC. This result revealed that there was a significant difference between grades and IHC. There was also no statistically significant difference between CISH amplification in diffuse and intestinal types. Conclusion: Our conclusion is that for the treatment, management of stomach cancer, and monitoring of progress and prognosis of the tumor that is almost important for patients and clinicians, CISH test is a better and feasible to IHC test, with regards to sensitivity and specificity.
Iraj Nazari, Seyed Massoud Mousavi, Hossein Minaei Turk , Davoud Fateminia,
Volume 80, Issue 2 (5-2022)

Background: The use of the traditional method for saphenous vein harvesting is associated with wound complications and not on-time patient mobilization. This has caused the improvement of minimally invasive vein harvesting techniques, together with general bridging. This study was designed to compare the therapeutic results of large saphenous vein harvesting with conventional and standard bridging techniques for lower extremity vascular reconstruction in patients with chronic lower extremity ischemia.
Methods: In this randomized clinical trial study, 66 patients with chronic lower extremity ischemia were randomly divided into two groups: large saphenous vein harvesting by conventional technique (continuous longitudinal incision) (n=30) and standard Bridging technique (small and multiple incisions) (n=36). Pain score (VAS), graft patency, wound complications, surgery results and patient satisfaction was recorded. The follow-up period was six months. (IRCT20190511043562N1).
Results: Graft patency (P=0.353), and Amputation-free Survival (P=0.397) did not show a significant difference between the two groups. Changes in pain score at rest (P=0.846) and movement (P=0.380) at different times did not show a significant difference between the two groups. One week after the operation, the incidence of infection in the bridging technique showed a significant decrease (P=0.045). During the six months of follow-up, the wound healing rate, ischemic pain relief, and claudication improvement were better in the bridging technique but did not show a significant difference with the conventional technique (P<0.05). Patient satisfaction was higher in the bridging technique but did not show a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).
Conclusion: It seems that the use of the bridging technique in venous resection large saphenous vein harvesting is associated with reducing wound complications and pain, reducing the length of hospital stay, increasing the speed of wound healing, and improving patient satisfaction. The duration of graft patency and Amputation-free Survival were similar in the two groups. We believe that each technique has advantages and disadvantages that should be considered by the patient and surgeon when choosing a surgical procedure.

Keywords: chronic limb-threatening ischemia, saphenous vein, treatment outcome.

Mansooreh Jamshidian Tehrani , Haniyeh Zeidabadinejad, Fereshteh Tayebi, Mohammad Reza Khalili, Bita Momenaei ,
Volume 80, Issue 12 (3-2023)

Background: Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) is one of the most prevalent orbital diseases in children and treatment of recalcitrant cases is always challenging. The purpose of this study is to identify the effectiveness of balloon dacryoplasty and stenting in persistent congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction following previous intubation of nasolacrimal duct.
Methods: Our study was an interventional study from January 2015 to January 2018 on 16 lacrimal systems of 11 patients (5 males and 6 females) with congenital obstruction of the lacrimal duct (CNLDO) and a history of unsuccessful probing and stenting, in Farabi Hospital of Tehran (affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences). Children who presented to our hospital and had previously been probed with or without intubation by another surgeon first underwent reprobing and re-intubation with a Crawford tube. Endoscopy of the nasolacrimal system was performed in suspected cases of false stent passage or in the presence of a history indicating nasal pathology. Crawford's Monoka tube was removed after two months. Balloon dacryoplasty with intubation was performed as the third surgery in cases who did not respond to probing and stenting after 3-6 months. The success after six months was evaluated using fluorescein dye disappearance test (FDDT) and also the resolution of the patients' symptoms.

Results: The age of the patients was 67±35.01 months (range: 26-121). The site of the canalicular stenosis in our patients was in the common canaliculi or within 2-3 mm from it. After 6 months, surgery was successfully performed in 13 lacrimal systems (81.25%). One patient with congenital lacrimal duct obstruction and Down syndrome and two other patients did not respond to balloon dacryoplasty and stenting and subsequently underwent dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).
Conclusion: Balloon dacryoplasty combined with Monocrawford intubation is an effective surgical procedure that should be considered in cases of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction who have not responded to the probing and stenting of the lacrimal system.


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