Volume 22, Issue 2 (20 2009)                   jdm 2009, 22(2): 142-148 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghorbanzadeh A, Boulhary B, Motahhary P, Sharifi A, Kashani H. An ex vivo comparison of detection ability of three methods in discovering of MB2 canal in maxillary molars. jdm 2009; 22 (2) :142-148
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-145-en.html
Abstract:   (6399 Views)

Background and Aim: A considerable percentage of failure in Endodontic treatments in maxillary molars is attributed to undiscovered second mesiobuccal canal (MB2).There are different methods for discovering and accessing to this canal. The purpose of this ex vivo study was to compare the detection ability of three methods (direct look, fiberoptic loup and surgical microscope) to find MB2 after troughing with ultrasonic.

Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, we selected 90 extracted maxillary molars (45 first and 45 second molars) in which after access cavity preparation MB2 canal was not discovered by direct vision and endodontic explorer. They were divided into 3 groups (n=30). The dentinal shelf between mesiobuccal and palatal canals was eliminated by an endodontic ultrasonic tip (troughing). After that, first group was searched by direct vision, second group by a loup and fiberoptic light and third group by dental operating microscope. Data were analyzed, specificity and sensitivity were calculated.

Results: The results showed that 21%, 61%, and 92% of MB2 canals after troughing was found by direct vision, fiberoptic loup, and surgical microscope, respectively.

Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, surgical microscope and loup with fiberoptic are preferred methods for discovering MB2 canal. Troughing with ultrasonic can help find MB2 canal in all methods.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2008/06/3 | Accepted: 2009/07/6 | Published: 2013/10/2

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